Tyumen scientists from the Institute of Problems of Development of the North of the SB RAS painted a portrait of a man who lived in Omsk about 2000 years ago.
Researchers reconstructed the appearance of an ancient Omsk on the skull found in the sanctuary of the ancient settlement of Big Log.
An ancient settlement was discovered in 1937 on the right bank of Omi, 10-12 km to the north-east from the confluence of Omi into Irtysh. Now in this territory is located the Central District of Omsk. From the middle of the first millennium BC to the middle of the first millennium AD there lived representatives of the culture, which archaeologists called the Kulaysk. Settlement of ancient Omsk was at that time very large – almost a city. Their things are preserved, but the remains are almost none. Apparently, the funeral rites prescribed to destroy the bodies.
The skull of a man of 40-50 years, discovered in the Great Log, became a scientific discovery. He allowed to determine how the representatives of the Kulai culture looked.
From the article “The craniological find on the sanctuary of the Kulai hillfort Big Log in Omsk”:
– The resulting image is a portrait of a mature man with a high, broad face, an inclined forehead, broad cheekbones and an unremitting chin. The nose is tall, wide, with a straight profile and an elevated tip, has a weak asymmetry, the upper fold of the eyelid hangs over the outer corners of the eyes. Mouth small, lips of medium thickness.
In the appearance of the ancient Omsk, the signs of a European and Mongoloid race are combined. But he is not a descendant of a mixed marriage, but a representative of a transitional race. Representatives of the Kulai culture lived on the border between the areas of the two races and had signs of both of them. Exactly the same type was possessed by the Kulay woman, whose remains were found in the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous District.
On the skull of Omsk scientists found two holes. Researchers came to the conclusion that the man had trepanation of the skull. And posthumously. First the head was cut off, then they removed the skin and soft tissues from the skull, and then, with a ritual purpose, struck two holes.
From the scientific article “Craniological Find on the Sanctuary of Kulay Mound of the Big Log in Omsk”:
– Absence of traces of healing indicates that manipulations were carried out on a skull separated from the body, on which soft tissues were absent. The nature of the location of artificial holes may indicate the use of the skull in ritual-magical actions.
Why did the ancient Omsk people do these strange manipulations with the head of their fellow tribesman, scientists can not say …