Scientists from the Institute of Archeology and Ethnography (IAET) of the SB RAS and the Novosibirsk State University (NSU) found evidence in Kyrgyzstan that the ancient man lived in Central Asia 20 thousand years ago, the press service of the Novosibirsk State University said.
“We studied five cultural layers of the Obishir-5 archaeological site in Kyrgyzstan, the oldest layer dating back about 20 thousand years ago, which means that the man used to stay 20 thousand years ago, although earlier believed that the ancient people began to live here only about 10 thousand years ago, “- says the press service of the author’s words, the collaborator of the joint laboratory” Geoarchaeology and paleoecology of man “NSU and IAET SB RAS Svetlana Schneider.
According to her, the expedition members managed to find 5 thousand artifacts in just four square meters. Finds indicate the use of a variety of technologies for making stone tools.
Prior to this study, it was considered that a person in the period from 20 to 10 thousand years ago did not live in Central Asia due to severe climatic conditions. Archaeologists assumed that the dry and cold climate forced people to leave their habitats for this period. Perhaps, the ancient people left for the territory of the Iranian Plateau (the territory of Afghanistan, Iran).
“Now we can say that these conclusions were due to the poor knowledge of the region, a small number of known parking lots, the use of imperfect excavation techniques,” the report says.
In addition to many stone tools, archaeologists have found a baby’s milk tooth of 8-10 thousand years old. Now the tooth is on a genetic examination in Germany. Scientists plan to trace the connection of ancient people from the parking in Kyrgyzstan with populations from other regions for which genetic data already exist.