Return to the Iron Age. Historians have learned to forge metal as it did 2000 years ago. It all began with an accidental finding – during excavations in the south of the Krasnoyarsk Territory archaeologists stumbled upon an oven of unusual shape. On the surviving elements, it was possible to restore the entire structure.
Metallurgical plant is located on a small glade in the forest. Scientists-archaeologists are sure – this is how 2000 years ago in Siberia they received iron. Primitive hand crusher, a small concentrating mill and, most importantly, a furnace for smelting metal.
To conduct this unique experiment – to melt iron using the technologies of ancient metallurgists, the scientists and historians and archaeologists of the Russian Geographical Society took almost 10 years. It all started with an accidental finding – during excavations in the south of the Krasnoyarsk Territory archaeologists stumbled upon a stove of unusual shape. On the surviving elements, it was possible to restore the entire structure.
“The process that was used in the ancient world is insanely difficult. We are already making iron for the second day. During the experiment, we deliberately abandoned all the achievements of civilization. Even oven bricks are made by hand from clay, which was mined at the site of the excavation. Iron ore is also local. To get metal out of it, the temperature in the furnace is raised to 1100 degrees. To this end, for several hours through the special nozzles, the air is continuously pumped, and this is also hand work, “said the chairman of the Minusinsk branch of the Russian Geographical Society Olga Kovaleva.
“Blow fur, create pressure of oxygen in the center of the stove. You see, iron ore is falling asleep right now. We have such a layered pie in the stove, “explained Pyotr Amzarakov, head of the archaeological expedition of the Khakassian Research Institute of Language, Literature and History.
This method of obtaining iron is called “sirudutny”. It is considered one of the most laborious. But in ancient times, people using this technology managed to smelt the metal in industrial quantities. The tribes of metallurgists of iron were enough for their own needs, and for trade with their neighbors.
To see through a small stove window to see molten metal, the researchers left no day. In ancient times such a shapeless piece of iron was given to a blacksmith who made knives, harness and ornaments from it.
Nowadays, without any processing, everything quickly went to souvenirs, but most of the metal scientists were taken for further research in the laboratory.