“Snow people” gorge Uch-Kulan

Gorge Uch-Kulan (Uchkulan) is located in the mountains of the North Caucasus (Karachay-Cherkess Republic, near the border with Abkhazia). In Russian, its name translates as “three rivers”. The fact is that it is here that the rivers Kuban, Uchkulan and Khurzuk come together.

The places here are desert and stern, the bare slopes of the gorge are covered with stony screes. However, even such conditions are not a barrier to people. One of the most ancient settlements here is the village of Uchkulan. Thanks to archaeological excavations, a settlement dating back to the Koban epoch, that is, to the 1st millennium BC, was found here. E.

This area is covered with centuries-old legends and legends. Among other things, people are sure that a group of snow people lives in the Uch-Kulan gorge. Here they are called ocho-kochi (ochokochi) or abnauayu (depending on the gender of the hominid). It is also said that there are much more females of the snowman than males.

Very popular among local residents is the legend of the daughters of snow people. They seem to be met quite often in the gorge, but no one managed to make friends with them. These mysterious creatures have the ability to control the will of man, completely paralyzing it.

However, there are legends about marriages between people and hominids. Local residents are sure that a woman who spent at least one night with a snowman can not go back, because he seems to be bewitching her. Most likely, it is all about the same ability of local yeti to paralyze the will of man.

Here is one of the legends about the snowman:

“A long time ago a blacksmith lived in one of the neighboring villages. And he had a beautiful daughter. The girl had a fiance with whom they were going to get married. Just before the wedding, the girl and her friends went to the forest to pick berries, and there she met a snowman.

Liked the beauty of the local Abnauyu, he kidnapped her and dragged her to his cave. Girlfriends were looking for, looking for a bride, so they went home with nothing. The whole village for two weeks unsuccessfully looked for the missing girl without a trace. And only the groom could find her in the forest. A happy guy wanted to take the bride home, but it was not there. The girl flatly refused to return. She said that she lives in the forest with a snowman who is simply bewitched.

The bridegroom, killed by grief and jealousy, decided to take revenge and, hunting down where they lived, just killed both of them. Corpses of lovers guy brought and left on the doorstep of his father’s girlfriend. A local priest forbade the blacksmith to bury his daughter and her snowman in a rural cemetery.

He considered the Abnauai to be the devil, and the blacksmith’s daughter, in his opinion, sold his soul. It was necessary to the unfortunate, grief-stricken father to take the corpses back to the forest and bury them there. He buried them in one grave, and on top he put a stone on which he made the inscription: “The daughter of a blacksmith with her husband”.

Later, the researchers decided to confirm or refute the old legend. A grave with a strange tombstone was indeed found in the forest. When it was opened, the researchers were shocked, because the female skeleton in it was quite ordinary, but the man belonged to the humanoid creature of giant growth.

It is known for sure that in the village of Thina (Abkhazia, Ochamchira district) in the XIX century a hominid female was caught and tamed. She was even given a completely human name – Zana.

The village is famous for long-livers, many of its old residents have long passed for 100 years, so the story about Zane some researchers were able to tell the eyewitnesses themselves.

This phenomenon was investigated by a Soviet historian and sociologist BF Porshnev. And that’s what he managed to find out.

It is not known exactly where and under what circumstances Zana was caught. Some argue that it was raided in the forests of the Zaadan Mountain, while others claim that the snowman’s female was caught near the sea coast, while others are sure that before her captivity, Zana lived in Adjara.

Anyway, but she was caught and, despite the fierce resistance, tied up, and then sold as a curiosity. For some time she passed from master to master, until she got to the nobleman Edgi Genab. He took Zana to his estate in the village of Thina.

First, the female hominid lived in a pen from logs delivered vertically. She behaved like a wild beast, and so no one came to her. Even the food was let down by Zane on the rope. She dug herself a big hole and slept in it. The whole 3 years have passed before the female hominid began to tame.

Some time later it was already held behind a wicker fence, under a canopy on a leash, and then they began to let go at all. Zana no longer aspired to escape. However, she did not like to be in a closed room, preferring to sleep in a pit under a canopy.

Zana looked as follows: her skin was very dark, almost black, and her whole body, except for her face, feet and palms, was covered with reddish hair. Her head was decorated with a giant mane, descending on the shoulders and back.

Zana did not know how to speak. For all her life spent among people, she never learned a single word. However, sometimes Zana muttered something, gave out inarticulate exclamations or sharp cries. However, the female of the snowman perfectly knew her name and responded to it. She also understood simple commands.

This creature was noted for its high growth and powerful physique. Zana had a very large chest, muscular legs and arms. However, her legs in her structure clearly differed from human. The fingers on the arms were longer and much thicker than in humans, and on the legs, moreover, had the ability to move apart.

The face of Zana was broad and cheek-bones with large, sharp features. The lower jaw is forward, the mouth is wide, with large teeth, and the nose is flat. The eyes of the female, according to witnesses, were reddish. Hair on the forehead Zana grew directly from the eyebrows. The hairy female could not cry and smile, but sometimes she laughed.

It was a very hardy and strong being. It is said that she ran faster than a horse and could swim across a nearby river even during her spill. Zana at any time of the year bathed in a local spring, which still bears her name. She was able, albeit clumsily, to climb trees. And her strength was such that she lifted a huge sack of flour with one hand.

At night Zana liked to walk around the neighborhood. For the rest of her life, her enemies were dogs, from which she habitually beat off a stick, but her horses panicked. People did not manage to tame the hominid. She was allowed into the house and even sometimes tried to sit at the table, but she obeyed only her master.

Residents of the village were afraid of savages and dared to approach only if Zana was in a good mood. Otherwise, she could have bitten. However, Zana never touched her children, although they frightened her, as they now babe Baba Yaga or Babay.

The female ate everything she was given. But she never used any cutlery, tearing food apart with her hands. Sometimes she was given wine, from which Zana always had a good mood, and soon she fell into a deep sleep.

Surprisingly, people managed to teach Zana to fire. She herself carved flints of spark on the lichen and laid brushwood. In addition, Zana was able to handle a hand mill, brought firewood and water in a pitcher from a source, and also dragged sacks from a water mill.

To eat grapes, pulled to the ground a whole vine, which flocked to a tall tree. With the buffaloes went to cool in the water source. At night, often went to wander the surrounding hills. Strange love to do something with the stones: knocked on each other, smashed them. The dress she was wearing tore into rags. However, she was partly accustomed to a loincloth.

It should be noted that Zana often became pregnant with local “exotic lovers” and gave birth to children. Immediately after childbirth, she bathed the baby in the icy water of the spring, apparently, doing it instinctively: this was what all the snow people did.

Zana probably did not understand that her children were mestizos, too tender for such a harsh treatment. They could not stand water procedures and died. Over time, the villagers began to take the newborns from her and feed them. Thanks to this, two sons and two daughters of Zana survived.


The Khvit, the son of Zana and Paradise, the granddaughter of Zana (daughter of Hvit)


Raya (Zana’s granddaughter) with her son – the great-grandson of Zana (1978)

They were quite normal people, although they differed from fellow villagers in some odd behavior. And their appearance was not quite ordinary.

Zana’s eldest son was named Janda, the eldest daughter is Kojanar. The youngest daughter of a snow-white woman, Gamas, died in the 1920s, and the second son Khvit passed away in 1954. All of them were married to ordinary people and had offspring.

BF Porshnev wrote:

“Two of the grandchildren of Zana – the son and daughter of Hvit from his second marriage with the Russian – I visited in 1964 year. Tkvarcheli, where they work at the mine. Rumor claims that the father of Hamas and Hvita was Edgi Genaba himself. But they were recorded in the census under a different surname. It is significant that Zana was buried in the family cemetery of the Genab family, that these two younger children were raised by the wife of Edgi Genab.

Hamas and Khvit were men of powerful build, with a darkish skin and some other kind of negroid signs. But they almost did not inherit anything from Zana from the Neanderthal traits: the complex of human traits was dominant. Hvita, who died at the age of 65-70 years, villagers described as a man with only small deviations from the norm.

With dark skin and large lips, the hair, unlike the Negroid race, was straight, stiff. The head is small in relation to the size of the body. The Khvit, beyond all measure, was endowed with physical strength, temper, intractable, pugnacious, violent. As a result of skirmishes with fellow villagers, Hvit’s right arm was cut off. However, he also had enough left to mow, cope with collective farm work, even climb trees.

He had a high voice and sang well. He was married twice, left three children. When he was old he moved from the countryside to Tkvarcheli, where he died, but was buried in Thina, near the grave of his mother – Zana.

Gamas, too, like his brother, was much stronger than ordinary people. Her skin was very dark, her body hairy. The face was hairless, but vegetation was making its way around the mouth. Gamas lived to the age of sixty.

From the first glance at the grandson and granddaughter of Zana – Shalikua and Paradise, the impression of a slight darkness of the skin, a very relaxed negroid appearance, was cut. Shalikua has unusually strong jaw muscles, behind him is glory: he can hold a chair in his teeth with a seated person and at the same time dance. Shalikua was endowed with the gift of imitating the voices of all wild and domestic animals. ”


Descendants of Zana

– I was fortunate enough to talk with the last eyewitness, – says another well-known researcher of “Snowmen” Igor Burtsev. – Local long-liver Zenob Chokua buried Hvita. He found his mother alive. At that time he was a boy, but he well remembers Zanu. And Hvita, who also waved under two meters, but was not so woolly.

He was “written down” by Zana’s last lover, a shepherd named Sabekia. He died in the 30s – immediately after the population census. However, before his death he said to his wife, and to his eight children, they say, was a sin. And he is the real father of the younger child Zana.

Only after many years Burtsev managed to get permission from local authorities and relatives to excavate. He organized an expedition, opened the grave of Hvit and brought his skull to Moscow. At the request of his Western colleagues, he gave samples for research in the US and Europe.


Burtsev with Skvit Hvita

How many years Zana lived and from what she died, it is not known – she died between 1880 and 1890 years. But until the last days it has not changed externally. She did not turn gray, she did not lose any of her teeth – white, large and strong, she retained physical strength. She did not learn how to speak.

“There are no live witnesses now, alas,” Burtsev replies. – The grave of Zana is not found. While I believe in the legends that I myself heard.