Today is the anniversary of the earthquake and tsunami in Japan

Exactly six years ago at 14 hours 46 minutes (8:46 Moscow time) in the northeast of Japan there was an earthquake of magnitude 9.0 – the probability of such a disaster in Japan is 600 times one time. The consequence of the tremors was a tsunami, the height of which reached 16 meters. It was this, and not the earthquake that caused the death of thousands of people – about 93% were lost due to the tsunami, whose scales exceeded the forecasts of scientists ten times. Six years after the tragedy, 2,553 people are still considered missing, 15,893 people were killed. So far, more than 30 thousand people are forced to live in temporary housing – camps from small block houses. The earthquake caused the largest tsunami, which covered a total area of ​​561 square kilometers, which corresponds to 90% of the area of ​​23 special areas that make up the core of Tokyo. More than half of the water flooded area – 327 square kilometers – had to Miyagi Prefecture.

The number of dead and missing as a result of the cataclysm exceeded 20 thousand people. About half of them are residents of Higashimatsushima city, to which the wave collapsed 35 minutes after the earthquake.

After the earthquake and tsunami at the Japanese nuclear power plant “Fukushima-1” a series of accidents was caused by the failure of the cooling system. The emissions of radioactive cesium into the atmosphere amounted to 40 thousand terabecquerels, which is about 20% of the same level of emissions recorded after the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in 1986. As a result, 140 thousand people were evacuated from the station’s 20-30 km zone.

Earthquake of a similar force, according to scientists, occurs in Japan no more than once in 600 years. In September 2015, the Japanese authorities allowed all residents of the city of Nahara to return to their homes. The city is located at a distance of 20 kilometers from the Fukushima-1 nuclear power plant. Tsunami flooded the power supply system at the Fukushima-1 nuclear power plant, which led to a halt in the cooling of reactors and pools with spent nuclear fuel. The molten fuel burned the walls of the reactors and accumulated at the bottom of the protective shells. The scale of this is still unknown, attempts to direct inside the protective shells of robots with cameras have not yet yielded tangible results – the technique fails because of the high level of radiation. Complete elimination of the accident, including the dismantling of the reactors, will take at least 40 years.

The earthquake caused the largest tsunami, which covered a total area of ​​561 square kilometers, which corresponds to 90% of the area of ​​23 special areas that make up the core of Tokyo. More than half of the water flooded area – 327 square kilometers – had to Miyagi Prefecture.

As a result, 62 cities and villages suffered from a giant tsunami in six prefectures. In the city of Kesennum, the wave washed away at home and carried the ships ashore.

As a result of the earthquake, the eastern coast of the Japanese island of Honshu has shifted by 2.5 meters to the east. One of the first met the impact of the elements of the city of Natori.

The height of the tsunami that destroyed the city of Onagawa in Miyagi Prefecture reached 34.7 meters.

The height of the tsunami that flew to the city of Miyako, located in Iwate Prefecture, was about 40.5 meters. On the village of Noda in the same Iwate prefecture, waves of 37.8 meters in height collapsed.

In the Yamada prefecture of Iwate prefecture, about 7,200 homes went under water.

The number of dead and missing as a result of the cataclysm exceeded 20 thousand people. About half of them are residents of Higashimatsushima city, to which the wave collapsed 35 minutes after the earthquake.

The city of Kesenum, Miyagi Prefecture.

After the earthquake and tsunami at the Japanese nuclear power plant “Fukushima-1” a series of accidents was caused by the failure of the cooling system. The emissions of radioactive cesium into the atmosphere amounted to 40 thousand terabecquerels, which is about 20% of the same level of emissions recorded after the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in 1986. As a result, 140 thousand people were evacuated from the station’s 20-30 km zone.

Earthquake of a similar force, according to scientists, occurs in Japan no more than once in 600 years. In September 2015, the Japanese authorities allowed all residents of the city of Nahara to return to their homes. The city is located at a distance of 20 kilometers from the Fukushima-1 nuclear power plant.

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