The most deadly natural disaster in the last 20 years, as stated in the report, was the 2010 earthquake in Haiti that claimed 229 699 lives. Further, the number of victims of the earthquake and tsunami in Indonesia in 2004 (182 136 victims), followed by tropical cyclone Nargis in Myanmar in 2008 (139 of 515).
Abnormal heat, which was in Russia in July – August 2010, entered the top ten most deadly natural disasters in the world over the last 20 years. This is stated in the report, which was prepared by the staff of the UN Office for disaster risk reduction (UNISDR) and the Belgian Centre for research and epidemiology of disasters (CRED).
The heat in 2010 in Russia it has appeared on the seventh place ranking. According to the study, during this natural disaster killed 55 736 people. The report said the number of victims, the researchers took from the database of the center for EM-Dat, which is affiliated with the Belgian research Center on the epidemiology of disasters.
Only from 1996 to 2016 on the planet happened 7056 natural disasters, the victims were approximately 1.35 million people. The report States that the number of such catastrophes as earthquakes, tsunamis and volcanic eruptions, has remained the same as in the previous two decades, from 1976 to 1996, while the number of disasters associated with weather and climate, floods, storms and heat has increased more than two times from 3017 to 6392.
The last 10 years, from 2006 to 2016, was more destructive for humanity than the previous decade, the report said. Over the last 10 years was annually killed 69 800 people, and for the previous 10 years, from 1996 to 2006 – 64 900. Increased and the average mortality during each disaster, from 187 to 194 of the victims.
The study highlights that the highest price due to natural disasters pay countries with low and average incomes per capita. They account for 90% of human victims, and they constitute the top ten States for 20 years was most of the victims on 100 thousand inhabitants.
With regard to the heat wave that occurred in Russia, then, according to the health Ministry, submitted in August 2010, the growth in the number of fatalities occurred not from-for natural fires: abnormally high temperatures resulted in increase in mortality from diseases of the circulatory system (the growth amounted to 10.6% in comparison with indicators of 2009), there was also an increase of deaths from drowning (45.2 per cent).