The police of the future

Why it is considered that the future world will be spared from crime. Here only there will come a time when you will disclose any crime, and there will be no crime that cannot be prevented? Whether it is capable of that the police of the future?

Patrol

A famous hero of the popular cartoon claimed that he has only some documents – whiskers, paws and tail. That is enough to look at him, and the cat’s identity is established. Everything goes to the fact that for a person to act the same rule, and the phrase: “Show documents,” finally a thing of the past. The technology embedded in the acclaimed app FindFace, it may come to serve in the police. Augmented reality glasses combined with face recognition software will become an integral part of the equipment of field officers. Until recently, it would have seemed fantastic. But today we in a step from it. Or even in half. The developers FindFace now enthusiastically talk about how some police use their app. First photos of the suspects run through the app. When a profile is found, a request is made for the administration of the social network, what IP addresses visited by its owner. Oh, and then at leaves the police.

Left to do very little: to give police and augmented reality glasses. And the search can be carried out not only on social networks, but also on forensic databases containing photos of criminals in the face, profile and three quarters. So, search will become much easier. However, today, police watching the streets, not only through the eyes of their patrol. The city is crammed with security cameras. Applying to them the technology of face recognition to search for criminals who are wanted, people who have lost their memory and lost children, to block the entrance to the stadium to supporters who have got blacklisted.

An automatic system for face recognition like FindFace will be able to find anyone who will be in the field of view of cameras or police. But if you’re not recognized, it is likely that this will cause suspicion. Suddenly you are a criminal who made plastic surgery?

The service patrol future will be drones. And probably it will happen soon enough. Amazon have rushed to patent miniature drones for patrol officers. Police drone got the name of Ukraine agro valley Association (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Assistant), which translates as “drone-assistant”. Judging by the description, the drone of a COP sitting on the shoulder of the patrol is almost like a parrot on the shoulder of long John silver. On the command “take off” air Robocop is up in the air to execute commands of its “master”. Equipped with a video camera, he can look into where the living employee go is dangerous, and thereby relieve the police from undue risk. And he will be able to participate in the prosecution of criminals. With support from the air, to catch the intruder much easier, and he himself, when in sight of the drone, is less likely to slip away unnoticed.

In addition, a police drone will be able to hover over a street or a car, until the “master” checks the documents of suspicious persons. With impunity to attack the officer in this case, it is much more difficult, because video of the attack will be immediately sent to the police station.

Robots in the service of the police

“Robocop” is a fantastic Thriller, directed by Paul Verhoven in 1987, for many, defined the image of the police of the future. But the use of robots in police is associated with many ethical problems.

First robots called to serve in the US military for operations abroad. Now they came and the police. But when the police Dallas last year first used the robot to destroy the terrorist already in the US, it caused a lot of controversy. Some commentators said: “the Drones come back home.”

At the hands of police in the US are dying every day three people. At the same time officers are operating strictly according to instructions. And their actions are generally considered as justified. Because their lives were in danger. The life of a police officer in the USA is expensive. And if the robots are controlled remotely, and after coming semi-Autonomous. So after that, endowed with elements of artificial intelligence. As a police officer, it is the instruction program that tells him when to shoot and when not. But I would like you to have decided you live or die? How many will die from their hands? The cost of the robot used in Dallas – 100 thousand dollars. Do not think that the police will be allowed to shoot them for everyone. It’s too expensive toy. So, is it the same as living officer, will use the weapon. For the purposes of self-preservation. And in future news, in which the robot has killed a human will cause a surge of public debate.

However, not all robots will allow to shoot people. Produced now company Knightscope and they are designed to guard and patrol. The robot, weighing 140 kilograms and the height in half-meter service shall be fully Autonomous and does not need constant control by the operator. He has infrared vision and a 360-degree view. Robot – a great patrol, he is able to recognize faces and license plates. Thanks to the camera and microphones, he can pinpoint the location of gunfire or explosion. He shoot and defend until you can. Like unmanned vehicles, it is equipped with lidar, radar and ultrasonic sensors. Starting in 2017, these robots patrol will go to the service of Dubai police.

Video surveillance and a “safe city”

The presence of cameras greatly facilitates the detection of crime. And the very understanding of the fact that the streets are stuffed with video surveillance cameras, stops many from committing crime. But still not all. Take for instance the story of the kidnapping of the Christmas tree at the end of last year. Cameras installed at the entrances, recorded not only how the tree endured one entrance, but skidded into the other. A trail of broken toys has led to the apartment of kidnappers.

In Moscow, the surveillance used in the investigation of 70% of crimes. The city authorities are implementing a program “Safe city”, which provides for the creation throughout the city’s network of surveillance cameras. Such programmes are implemented not only in our country. The capital ranked 2nd in the world in the number of outdoor surveillance cameras per capita. The first place belongs to London, where with a population of about 8.4 million people has 600 000 surveillance cameras. UK ranks first in Europe in number of cameras per inhabitant of the country. They are located not only on streets and highways, but also in buses, trams, metro. The average Briton hits the lens cameras 70 to 300 times a day. The higher ranks of the British police believe that soon surveillance will be in a number of ways of solving crimes, as DNA analysis and fingerprint identification.

If auto-tracking data (recording cameras, the history of the movements of the phone) can be used as evidence, they must be accepted by the court as proof of innocence. To prove that the man was not at the scene will become much easier.

Global video surveillance provides many opportunities for operational-investigative divisions of the police. Here and remote surveillance of suspects and objects, and wanted fugitives from the investigation and prosecution of violators. Operatives do not have to sit in any weather in ambush waiting for the emergence of the alleged offender. Monitoring can be done remotely.

Forensics

In solving crimes without forensics expert can not do. He collects evidence at the crime scene. Investigates them and actually turns in evidence against a specific person. The more you advance in scientific and technological progress, the more accurate and sophisticated methods are solving crimes. Forensics is simply obliged to react to all innovations.

A key piece of evidence left by the criminal at the crime scene, already for a long time considered the prints of his fingers and palm. The method of identification of a person by his fingerprints is called fingerprinting and is used since 1902. But fingerprinting is not in place. Now the task of the expert forensic analysis includes detecting and fixing fingerprints at the crime scene and the identity of the person who left them. Dutch criminologists considered that this is not enough. To determine the time when you were left an imprint – that is a new challenge. This allows you to recreate a more complete picture of the crime, to exclude from the list of suspects, who, though he was at the scene, but was there at a different time. The method presented fellow at the Institute of forensic Sciences NFI Marcel de Puy, more effective than other similar methods.

The fingerprint consists of a complex mixture of fatty secretions and sweat. They are composed of different types of amino acids, proteins and other compounds. Modern technologies allow to determine not only what is concrete imprint, but the amount of certain substances in it. Science knows that some components of the substance, which consists of print, decompose and disappear over time. But some do it quickly, others slowly. If since leaving the imprint was not more than two weeks, experts can with certainty specify the date when it was abandoned. Within two days, you can determine the time. The method is based on determining the proportions of chemical compounds in the substance of the print. At that time, while some compounds have already decomposed, others remain. This allows you to get a more accurate result, in contrast to other methods that are based only on the determination of the amount of specific chemical compounds. The Dutch experts are not stop. A new method that they developed, must find the answer to the question, what medication or drugs the person took, left fingerprints, and what kind of food he was using. This could then withdraw and the circumstances of the crime.

Crimes of the future

William Gibson, American science fiction writer and futurist, once said: “the Future is now. It’s still just unevenly distributed”. So even in our time of the crime, worthy of the middle Ages, side by side with the crimes, which we previously could only read in fiction. In February of last year, the hackers have blocked the computer system Presbyterian medical center Hollywood in Los Angeles. The medical institution had to pay a ransom in bitcoin in an amount equivalent to 17 thousand dollars. USA. Cryptocurrency did have to pay and fraud, a group of Armada Collective, who was posing as hackers. While Los Angeles is flooded with hundreds of large and small gang gang. Only African-American gangs there are under three hundred. They sell drugs, steal cars, commit robberies. Fathers and grandfathers of members of the gangster gangs, as a rule, too, was in the criminal groups. For generations the way of life of these people has not changed. High-tech crime and crime caused by poverty and unemployment coexist. And there is no reason to believe that in the future, at least foreseeable, that will change. But the proportion of offences where the instruments or tools used by the attackers, were the fruits of modern technology, will grow.

Technical advances provide many new opportunities for those who are looking for money. New inventions can be as a tool in the hands of criminals and the purpose of the crimes. Take, for example, the gaming industry. Weapons, ammunition, magic attributes, and the game accounts have become the subject of sale. They have their price. And if so, then, respectively, become a target of crime.

Today we dive deeper into the world of virtual reality. Games created using the technology of virtual reality is gaining popularity. But soon, not only to play but to travel, to shop in virtual stores, to go to work (at least to participate in virtual meetings and get a scolding from his superiors) we are in the virtual world. Even to communicate with their children. Last spring, Samsung introduced the VR app Bedtime Stories. It allows parents to read fairy tales to my children and spend time together in virtual reality, if for some reason they can’t be together in the real world. Virtual reality will tighten us as well as once tightened the Internet, social networks, computer games. Now imagine that one fine morning you try to log in the virtual world and suddenly find that your virtual identity is stolen.

Already today it is possible to seize control and steal the air drone. Tomorrow hacker breaking into the automatic control system will be able to steal your self-driving car. And well even if you at this moment will not be in the cabin. The day after tomorrow “hijacking” your personal robot.

We all remember last year’s hype about the Pokemon Go. The game was really new to the gaming industry. And we all remember that it attracted the attention of not only gamers, but also hackers. The robbers began to use the world of Pokemon Go to lure the victim in a comfortable place. Where the unsuspecting player could Rob without fanfare. A perfect illustration of how criminals turn the attributes of the world of high technology into an instrument of crime. The computer has become an instrument of crime hackers cell – phone Scam. What is next? A virtual reality helmet? Probably virtual reality will become the place of crime.

Own memory as an alibi or evidence?

What if to penetrate into the memory and view memories suspected of committing a crime? Remember how in the Hollywood film of 2012 “Extraction”? The main character invents a way to penetrate into someone else’s memory and view other people’s memories. That’s where the new “Queen of evidence”, the key to solving all crimes. But it’s fantastic. It seems that scientists don’t even know how to approach the realization of this idea. But perhaps the time will come when other people’s memories can be viewed as a recording from the DVR. To commit a crime will become meaningless, and to escape punishment is impossible. Just enough to get a court order to view your memories. Then maybe the crime will stop. Although there is no. In a world where you can view the memories you forge them and to evade responsibility for his actions. That’s one more new type of crimes of the future.