By 2050, 50% of the population will be short-sighted, this situation is largely due to the development of information technology, said the senior lecturer of the Department of Ophthalmology of the Pediatric Faculty of the FGBU at the RIHIM them. Pirogov RF Ministry of Health, curator of the interprofessional alliance for the protection of eyesight “The Gates of the Sun” Tatyana Pavlova.
The expert said that the number of people suffering from myopia (nearsightedness) increases from year to year, so, in Russia for 10 years among children and adolescents, the number of cases of myopia increased by 1.5 times.
“Forecasts of world statistics show that 50% of the population will be short-sighted by 2050, 10% will have a high degree of myopia and about one billion people will be blind,” she said at an international conference on “Myopia under control.” Russian and foreign experience “, which took place within the framework of the” Health of the Nation “forum.
She said that short-sightedness is the most frequent defect of sight, which occurs in every 3-4 adults in Russia (about 40% of the country’s population is short-sighted according to data for 2017).
In schoolchildren, the incidence of myopia is 6-8%, in older pupils it increases to 25-30%. In gymnasiums and lyceums the indicator reaches 50%.
The expert noted that the epidemic of myopia is fueled by the development of information technology.