One of the main problems of transplantation is that organs intended for transplantation, very few “live” outside of the human body. But all may soon change, as American doctors have been successfully thawed pieces of frozen tissues and organs, without damaging the very cellular structure and intercellular space.
First, let’s say, why not just freeze the bodies. The fact that the freezing process in tissues are formed by ice crystals which can injure the body from within. But if you freeze authority is somehow possible (substances for this purpose was created 20 years ago), but with defrost much more complicated: after “return of the body to the original form” survival of about 80% of the cells, which is insufficient for full operation.
A group of scientists from the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis under the leadership of Dr. John Bischof was able to solve the issue. According to them, the main problem with thawing is that of frozen tissue are warmed up uneven way, causing them to crack and fall apart. To help the experts came nanoparticles: they drew attention to the fact that microscopic fragments of iron and many other metals can be heated to extremely high temperatures. These same nanoparticles can be applied for instant defrosting bodies. The addition of even a small number of nanoparticles in tissues protects cells from damage and helps to unfreeze the bodies very quickly. The assurances of Dr. Bischof,
“We were the first to show that we can take bulk samples of biota and quickly defrost it without damaging tissues, increasing the temperature to hundreds of degrees per minute. These results make us happy and allow us to hope that in the future we will be able to create entire banks of frozen organs for transplantation”.