The reduction of sea ice in the Arctic could lead to faster and more regular navigation across the North pole. According to forecasts, by 2050 the number of ways in which you will travel the Arctic without an icebreaker, will be doubled.
The reduction of sea ice in the Arctic could lead to faster and more regular navigation across the North pole, according to the researchers from the University of reading (UK).
According to their forecasts, by 2050 the number of ways in which you will travel the Arctic without an icebreaker, will be doubled. Scientists predict that the court intended for walking on unfrozen water can even pass through the North pole in the summer months.
These are the predictions for the maximum reduction of CO2 emissions. If you do not take such an optimistic alternatives (if the Paris agreement does not force countries to limit the emission of carbon dioxide and global temperature will not be able to keep from rising more than 2 degrees), from Arctic ice will remain even less. In this case, the court with minimal protivosemnye devices will run on the Arctic almost year-round by the end of the century.
And changes are already beginning to have an impact. A few years ago, the Atlantic mackerel (mackerel) was not found in the cold waters of Greenland. This small fatty fish usually reproduce in the North sea, and then migrates to the northeast along the Norwegian current to feed there during the summer.
In 2007, Atlantic mackerel began to appear in large numbers around Iceland. On ocean highway, where they always turned to the right, now increasingly choosing the path to the left.
By 2011, the mackerel paved road in Greenland waters, prompting the launch of a new fishery. And three years later the extraction of mackerel made up 23% of total exports from Greenland.