Observations of the brain of “telephone addicts” showed that the development of such a passion changes the chemical balance of the brain and the manner of its work, which brings this form of dependence closer to real drug addiction, scientists said at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America.
“The development of ‘telephone’ dependence leads to an increase in the concentration of gamma-aminobutyric acid, the main” brake “of the brain, in the anterior cingulate cortex, and the imbalance between GABA and glutamate, another important signaling molecule of the nervous system. A study of this process can help us understand how other types of dependence arise, “said Hyung Suk Seo of Korea University in Seoul.
In recent years, scientists have become seriously interested in two new forms of dependence, which are often said by the inhabitants, “telephone” and “Internet” -narcomania. Their study shows that in this case, ordinary people are often right – some of their carriers actually have special behavioral changes characteristic of real addicts, and they are subject to the same risk factors.
For example, in the past year, scientists have found that their victims are most often impulsive people, poorly controlling their desires. Such characteristics, as shown by scientists, are a distinctive feature of alcoholics and real addicts, who are unable to get rid of their addiction.
Seo and his colleagues are interested in whether the brain work changes in people who suffer from such “digital” forms of dependence, and whether these changes are similar to what happens to the nervous system of victims of drugs and alcohol.
To answer this question, scientists collected two groups of volunteers from two dozen adolescents and young people, half of whom received a similar diagnosis, and began to observe the work of their nervous system using a special magnetic resonance tomograph capable of revealing the chemical composition of different regions of the brain.
Comparing the results, Korean biologists found that the development of telephone or Internet “addiction” really changes the work of the brain at the chemical level.
The most serious disturbances in his work have been observed in that part of the cortex that is responsible for impulsive behavior and a sense of anxiety, which can explain how such a dependence arises.
Interestingly, these disorders disappeared or decreased significantly after the young people underwent a rehabilitation course in one of the drug treatment centers in Seoul. This suggests that from this form of dependence can really get rid of without serious consequences for the psyche and the human body, scientists conclude.