What happens if a particle of the sun hits Earth?

In ancient times, people worshiped the Sun as the god of life, but modern science knows that the power of our luminary can one day erase humanity from the face of the planet. But what happens if scientists somehow manage to teleport to Earth a tiny piece of the Sun?

Reading about all the amazing discoveries within the solar system that astronomers have done over the past year, it may seem that the Sun is undeservedly forgotten. But this is not so! Despite the fact that the times of pagan cults have long passed, people continue to worship the Sun in their own way, carefully studying its structure and behavioral features. The greatest danger for modern mankind is represented by solar flares, which can literally destroy a significant part of the orbital and terrestrial infrastructures. But what happens if, in some hypothetical way, a small fragment of the star hits our planet?

In fact, the question is much more complicated than it seems at first glance. In short, humanity will in any case come to an end, because now in the world there are no systems and programs that can protect us, even from a small fraction of the rage of the “solar deity.” However, depending on which part of the Sun will fall to Earth, the scenario of the destruction of the world will change.


The chromosphere is the outer shell of the Sun, the thickness of which is about 2000 km. Its upper limit, unlike the ideas of the mass media, does not have a clearly defined smooth boundary: the star is dotted with thin needles of hot discharges, the so-called spicules. At the same time, 60-70,000 such “thorns” ejaculated. The higher the chromosphere, the hotter it is: at the base its temperature reaches 3700 ° C, and in the upper layers it is about 19,500 ° C.

The density of the chromosphere is a million times smaller than the density of the Earth’s atmosphere, and therefore the pressure on our planet will instantly destroy its fragment. It would seem that the disaster is over? No matter how it is: the formed vacuum will fill the air, creating a shock wave that is able to tear a person to pieces.


It is the photosphere that forms the visible surface of the Sun. This is a very thin layer: according to various estimates, its thickness ranges from 100 to 400 km. The main part of the optical radiation of the star emanates from it, thanks to which astronomers can calculate the size of the Sun, the distance from it to various cosmic objects, etc. It also has a much lower density, but because of heating, the fragment of the photosphere does not collapse if it hits The Earth. Instead, it will emit a short, but incredibly intense light – usually we see it from a distance of about 148 million kilometers. Of course, if you are nearby, the photosphere will immediately fry you. But as soon as the sample cools down, it will immediately turn into a person safe for an inert gas.


The outer shell of the Sun in fact consists of plasma prominences, ejecting particles of ionized plasma and energy flows millions of kilometers around. If its sample hits the Earth in the same form as the light itself, the pressure that keeps the plasma together will immediately disappear. As a result – a powerful thermonuclear explosion, in which all living things will burn in a fiery hell. Unpleasant prospect, right?


Of course, the most impressive death is death from a fragment of the solar core. Its density is 6.6 times higher than the density of osmium, the densest metal of the Earth, and the temperature reaches 14 million degrees Celsius! It constantly carries a thermonuclear reaction, known as the “proton-proton”, where four helium-helium helium-4 isotope is produced from four protons. In this case, every second into the radiation turns 4.26 tons of dense substance – it’s hard to even imagine. Let’s not spoil your impression: the final part of the video, in which a small fragment of the nucleus gets to Earth, is something incredible.