On the surface of the super-earth 55 Cancer e, which is about twice as large as our planet, presumably lava flows. The planet is very close to the parent star, in addition, it is always facing the parent luminary with the same side – and therefore on the planet there are “eternal” day and night sides. Based on the results of a study conducted in 2016 using the NASA Spitzer Space Telescope (“Spitzer”), scientists assumed that the lava flows freely and forms lakes on the day side of the planet, but solidifies on the night side of the planet.
Now a deeper analysis of the same data collected with the Spitzer space observatory shows that this planet probably has an atmosphere whose components may be similar to the components of the Earth’s atmosphere, but the thickness of the exoplanet’s atmosphere is thus much larger than the thickness of the gas envelope of our planet. Lava lakes emitting energy directly into space would create zones of local surface heating up to very high temperatures – which was not observed when analyzing data collected with the help of the Spitzer observatory.
Using an improved model of the flow of energy on the surface of the planet and its radiation back into space, the researchers, led by Isabel Angelo, found that the temperature on the night side of the planet would not be as low as previously thought. “The cold side” is still very hot by terrestrial standards – the average temperature here reaches 1300-1400 degrees Celsius – while on the “hot side” of the planet the temperature is about 2300 degrees Celsius. The difference between the temperatures of the day and night sides of the planet would be greater in the absence of an atmosphere, explained the authors of the work.