We were promised again the end of the world. Previous, I remember, was in 2012, but the light then for some reason did not end. And now the Earth is filled with rumors that the planet Nibiru is flying to us in full swing. Is it so or not? Put all the points above the “i” in this question.
First of all: is it possible that in the solar system there is an unknown celestial body? Oh yeah. We have already talked about the Kuiper belt and the huge Oort cloud, in which such bodies are a dime a dozen. And we recently wrote about a very interesting asteroid, which is known to mankind since 2011, but only recently it was possible to see it in all its details – and the scientists were stunned.
Can this body be a large enough planet? Of course. The question of the planet behind the orbit of Neptune, which will take the place of the degraded Pluto, is far from being closed.
Can an unknown body invade us from the remote outskirts of the solar system? Yes. All the long-period (with a period of thousands of years) comets do so.
And now we are compatible with these conditions. Can an unknown body the size of a planet approach the Earth so close as to threaten a collision?
This has never happened in the last few billion years. And the ancient Sumerians, in whose texts the planet Nibiru is mentioned, could not see this either.
Suppose that such a planet is approaching the Earth. What will happen? Her gravity will lead to the chaos surrounding our planet a swarm of asteroids. In these conditions, the cradle of humanity is waiting for such a bombardment, next to which a harmless fireworks show a pebble, which, as it is commonly believed, destroyed a dinosaur (though its destructive role is also disputed). But the Earth does not store any traces of such cataclysms since the time of the formation of the Moon. The moon, by the way, also does not store, despite the fact that it almost does not have erosion.
Furthermore. Celestial mechanics – science is very accurate. The orbits of the planets have been thoroughly studied. Periodic rapprochement with a large celestial body would inevitably leave a trace in the orbital motion of the Earth. And this track could not be overlooked. But he is not.
And yet, let us imagine for a moment that such a planet exists and is approaching. Could she suddenly grow up before our eyes?
No. Paraphrasing the classic, the planets do not fly like birds. True, according to earthly standards, they move with huge velocities (and some stars, by the way, even faster), but on the scales of interplanetary spaces they slowly float along the cosmic expanses. Pluto, say, makes one revolution around the Sun for almost 250 terrestrial years. How can one not remember the joke in the fashionable “pie” genre today: “Pluto was opened and closed, an error of the type, then yes, but on Pluto, by the way, has not passed since then!”.
So, if even such a planet were approaching the Earth, it would do it slowly enough. And even at distant approaches, it would lead to rustling in the orbits of neighboring bodies. Let’s repeat: celestial mechanics is an extremely exact science. Recall that the planet Neptune was first discovered by the anomalies, which its attraction brought in the movement of Uranus. Astronomers made a calculation, put the telescope to the desired point – and saw Neptune! In the courtyard stood the middle of the XIX century.
Today, experts calculate the orbits of tiny spacecraft so that they, using to accelerate the gravity of several planets, go to Saturn or Pluto. In addition, telescopes scan the sky every day in many directions. And, of course, they would have discovered an unknown object or a “supernumerary” position known. It is impossible not to notice a large planet in the interior regions of the solar system. It is impossible, with a capital “H”.
What did the Sumerians mean when they spoke of Nibiru? After all, these gentlemen knew a lot about astronomy and mathematics. Quite difficult to say for sure. The mentions of Nibiru are sketchy and are found only in myths. And the myths are much older than the achievements of astronomy.
The priests of royal Babylon, of course, knew the sky accessible to the naked eye as their five fingers and would not confuse Jupiter or Mercury with anything. But the legends about the gods were composed at that time, when the “eternal city” was also never heard of. In our libraries, too, there are many myths about the construction of the sky and the Earth, but we do not say that behind them the authority of our entire astronomy?
And most importantly: we know immeasurably more ancient Sumerians. Why is the stereotype so stable, that the ancients were wiser than us, a question for culturologists and psychologists. But it is unlikely that anyone will agree to go over, say, to the medical technologies of that time. Why is astronomical information thousands of years ago – and even fragmentary and set out in myths – we have to trust more than our own?
Humanity has created science not to be afraid of its own shadow. No Nibiru exists. No planet since the time of the youth of the solar system and the formation of the Moon has come close to the Earth at a dangerous distance. And if an object of this size and approached us, astronomers would have learned about this a long time ago.
For the twenty-third of September will be the twenty-fourth.