The best space photos of 2016 from ESA

Selection of the best space photos of the expiring year according to the European Space Agency (ESA)

Space selfie of Tim Pik.

Bahrain. The photo in natural colors is made the Sentinel-2A 18 satellite of September, 2015. Why it got to a top of pictures of 2016 is not sure (by date of the publication?). But it is all the same beautiful.

Nile, Sinai Peninsula and Cyprus. The photo is made the Sentinel-3A 3 satellite of March, 2016. Colors are simulated.

Churyumov-Gerasimenko’s comet. The photo is made “Rosette” on March 27, 2016 from a distance of 329 kilometers.

Start of “Union” from Guiana Space Centre on April 25, 2016. The rocket put the Sentinel-1B satellite to orbit.

Sentinel 1B décolle depuis Kourou

First photo of Sentinel-1B. On it Spitsbergen is imprinted.

The transit of Mercury which took place on May 9 on a disk of the Sun Proba-2 satellite eyes.

Tibet Sentinel-2A eyes. The photo is made on February 1, 2016, colors simulated.

Return “Union of TMA-19M”, on June 18, 2016.

Auroras on Jupiter. The image is combined from a picture of Hubble for 2014 and the observations of the planet in the UF-range made in 2016.

Oddments of supernew DEM L316A in the Big Magellanic cloud the Picture composite. It is received from the data collected by Hubble in visible and IK of a part of a range.

This NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope image captures the remnants of a long-dead star. These rippling wisps of ionised gas, named DEM L316A, are located some 160 000 light-years away within one of the Milky Way’s closest galactic neighbours — the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC). The explosion that formed DEM L316A was an example of an especially energetic and bright variety of supernova, known as a Type Ia. Such supernova events are thought to occur when a white dwarf star steals more material than it can handle from a nearby companion, and becomes unbalanced. The result is a spectacular release of energy in the form of a bright, violent explosion, which ejects the star’s outer layers into the surrounding space at immense speeds. As this expelled gas travels through the interstellar material, it heats it up and ionise it, producing the faint glow that Hubble’s Wide Field Camera 3 has captured here. The LMC orbits the Milky Way as a satellite galaxy and is the fourth largest in our group of galaxies, the Local Group. DEM L316A is not alone in the LMC; Hubble came across another one in 2010 with SNR 0509 (heic1018), and in 2013 it snapped SNR 0519 (potw1317a).

Gas cloud in the constellation of Small Medveditsa eyes of observatory of Planck.

The card of an optical density of the star sky from the Gaia telescope.

The MetOp-C satellite in a testing chamber.

The probe of Fila on a surface of a comet of Churyumov-Gerasimenko. The photo is made on September 2, 2016 from a distance 2.7 kilometers.

The project manager “Rosette” Paolo Ferree sends to the device the last team, on September 30, 2016. Yes, in TsUPe ESA wire mice.

The mosaic collected from the photos of “Rosette” made during descent to a comet.

The image of the hurricane Mathew in IR spectrum from the Sentinel-3A satellite.

Planetary fog PK 329-02.2 eyes of the Hubble telescope.

This planetary nebula is called PK 329-02.2 and is located in the constellation of Norma in the southern sky. It is also sometimes referred to as Menzel 2, or Mz 2, named after the astronomer Donald Menzel who discovered the nebula in 1922. When stars that are around the mass of the Sun reach their final stages of life, they shed their outer layers into space, which appear as glowing clouds of gas called planetary nebulae. The ejection of mass in stellar burnout is irregular and not symmetrical, so that planetary nebulae can have very complex shapes. In the case of Menzel 2 the nebula forms a winding blue cloud that perfectly aligns with two stars at its centre. In 1999 astronomers discovered that the star at the upper right is in fact the central star of the nebula, and the star to the lower left is probably a true physical companion of the central star. For tens of thousands of years the stellar core will be cocooned in spectacular clouds of gas and then, over a period of a few thousand years, the gas will fade away into the depths of the Universe. The curving structure of Menzel 2 resembles a last goodbye before the star reaches its final stage of retirement as a white dwarf. A version of this image was entered into the Hubble’s Hidden Treasures image processing competition by contestant Serge Meunier.

The astronaut Luka Parmitano takes samples of breed during the training in national park of Lanzarote.

The astronaut of Thom Pesk undersigns on a door of the hotel accommodation.

Vol Soyuz FG /MS03

75th in a row successful start of “Arians-5”, on November 17, 2016.

D3s S1

Thom Pesk in the Domes module on the ISS.

The radar image of the gulf San Francisco from the Sentinel-1 satellite.

The picture of an anonymous Martian crater made the device TGO.

The picture of Phobos made the device TGO. Natural colors.

Supermoon: view from the ISS.