3000-year-old inscription in the Luvian language told about the past of Troy

On October 7, it was announced that the ancient inscription, carved in a 30-meter stone slab, supposedly found in the territory of modern Turkey, had been deciphered. The text, written in the dead Luvian language, is able to read only two dozen experts in the world, including Fred Wodhuizen (Fred Woudhuizen), who took up decoding. Together with his colleague Eberhard Zangger, Vodhuzen read the Luvian inscription; the results of their work in December will be published by the journal of the Danish Historical Society TALANTA; translation into German is also published in the book Die Luwier und der Trojanische Krieg – Eine Forschungsgeschichte (“The Louvain and the Trojan War – the history of research”) by Orell Füssli.
The text was carved in a stone slab 3200 years ago, approximately when the ancient Anatolian kingdom of Arzawa broke up into several independent states. In the XIX century, the original was destroyed: the locals used a stone for the construction of the mosque, and there was only a list made by the British archaeologist James Mellart and found in his estate after his death. Part of modern researchers do not rule out the possibility that the list is a fake. According to Mellart’s own testimony, the first list was made in 1878 by the French archaeologist Georges Perrault, then rewritten by his Turkish counterpart Bahadir Alcim, and only later by Mallart himself, who collected his colleagues and began translating, but did not finish it, because all members working group died.
The work of Vodhuzen and Zanger is the first complete translation of the ancient document. In the text it is told about tsar Kupantakuruntas, the ruler of Myra – the state, located in the west of modern Turkey. The inscription on the plate tells how the Trojan Prince Muxus led the ships to fight for Ashkelon (modern Israel). Having seized the city, Muxus built a fortress around him. The ancient text sheds light on the relationship of Troy and Mira; The city was taken by the king of Mira Mashuitas, the father of Kupantakurunthas, who overthrew the Trojan ruler Volmus. When Volmus swore allegiance to the World, Mashuitas restored him to the rights of the ruler. After the death of Mashuittas, his son took Mira’s throne and retained power over Troy and the right to appoint her rulers.

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