The Olmecs were a very advanced civilization, which preceded the ancient Mayan and Aztec empires. Their knowledge of geology allowed this mysterious ancient civilization to literally terraform certain regions. The San Lorenzo Plateau is one such example. It is considered one of the most important architectural projects of ancient times.
The entire region was “modified” to the taste of the ancient Olmecs. This project involved the removal of tons of earth and stones, which allowed the construction of giant terraces, walls and monuments, literally turning their surroundings into a sacred place for their inhabitants.
The question remains, how did ancient man achieve this…thousands of years ago?
The Olmecs were a people who inhabited Central America in the 16th and 2nd centuries BC. Most likely, the Olmec civilization originated in the eastern part of modern Mexico (the states of Veracruz and Tabasco). It is also possible that the people could have lived in El Salvador and Guatemala.
The name “Olmecs” translates as “rubber people”. This designation was given by the Aztecs after the Olmecs’ native area, where many rubber-bearing plants grew. The first Olmec settlement was called Tamoanchan, which literally means “we seek our home. The main occupations of the Olmecs were farming, particularly the cultivation of corn and maize, and fishing.
The Olmecs are believed to have founded the first civilization in pre-Columbian America, which gave rise to all other cultures. For this reason in Latin America the Olmec culture is called the “mother culture. The Olmecs invented the first written hieroglyphic system, similar to that of the Maya, learned to calculate time and annual cycles. The Olmec people began building the oldest cities in Mexico. The capital of the Olmec State was the city of San Lorenzo, built 3,400 years ago. Now its ruins are in the Mexican state of Veracruz. The religious center of the Olmecs was the city of La Venta. Judging by the large number of masks, sculptures and images, totemism was widespread among these people, and the main sacred animal was considered a jaguar.
A specific feature of the Olmec culture is the construction of giant realistic basalt heads, an average height of 2.5 m, 7 m in circumference and weighing up to 30 tons. Not a single head is repeated, each one endowed with individual Negro-type facial features. For this reason, many scholars believe that the Olmecs may have come from the African continent. The stone heads wear helmets with a strap on the chin.
Also of interest to archaeologists and ethnologists is found on the site of settlements Olmec toy in the form of a dog on wheels, as in the scientific world has adopted the view that the peoples of Central America did not know the technique of manufacturing the wheel.
It turned out – they knew the wheel and moreover, they were the first to invent a compass, and not the Chinese, as scientists like to tell.
“Fat Men” are sculptures created by the Olmecs. They are very different from the elaborate sculptures we usually associate with the ancient cities of that area. They are chunky stone figures of very fat people with a large ball at the bottom and a smaller, flattened ball at the top. Their arms barely extend across their wide bellies.
Official assumptions about their ages have ranged from 1500 B.C. to 500 B.C.
Interestingly, many of these sculptures were moved from their original location and buried. Many of these “fat man” sculptures were found exactly buried in the ground (during excavations).
Further research has shown that these “fat” statues were originally placed in specific and important locations because they were found to be magnets.
The stone from which they were created is a natural magnet, and like any magnet, it is capable of attracting or repelling other ferrous metals, as well as temporarily magnetizing other objects containing iron.
Magnetic “fats”,, are cut from magnetite, a type of iron ore. But only a small percentage of magnetite rocks are magnetites. Geologists don’t fully understand how some rocks become magnetized, but the most common theory is that they are struck by lightning. Perhaps lightning is enough to equalize all the charges of the ions in the stone.
In 1976, Vincent Malmström and his assistant Paul Dunn found that when they brought a compass to one of the “fat rocks” in Monte Alto, the arrow reacted. It deviated from true north and pointed to a rock. When they checked at the site of the “fat men” and the giant heads of the other sculptures, they found that the compass arrow was sharply attracted when they brought the compass to the navel of some statues and to the right temple of others. The magnetic force of the stone was much stronger than the magnetic field of the earth.
Four of the five “fat men” in La Democracia, Guatemala, were found to have these magnetic devices, as were four of the six giant heads. Although he searched, Malmström found no spots indicating that the material was embedded in any of the sculptures he tested , so he concluded that skilled carvers knew about magnetism, could identify magnets, could work them and knew exactly where the poles were. in the rock, so they carved the statues to take advantage of this location.
He found other magnetic sculptures in the Sokonusko region, including a turtle/frog head, a bloated jaguar and two men sitting on a bench. Malmström believed the sculptures were pre-Olmec in origin, dating them to 2000 B.C.
Preserved an outstanding find by Michael Coe in 1968 in the Olmec territory of San Lorenzo, much closer to the Gulf of Mexico, on the side of the isthmus – a small polished rectangular strip of hematite neatly shaped. dubbed M-160.
It was broken in antiquity and broken again in the process of study. Nevertheless, it showed remarkable refinement in its construction, and when floated in water on a piece of bark or liquid mercury, it was consistently aligned at the same point, west of magnetic north, in the same orientation as the buildings at the Olmec sites at San Lorenzo, La Venta and others. .
This hematite artifact points to the Olmec understanding of magnetism as a directional pointer and it predates the Greek discovery of magnetism (600 AD) by perhaps a thousand years. Other groups claiming the first understanding of magnetism as a directional force include the Vikings, Arabs, Persians, and Chinese. If you read different sources, you will find very different dates and accounts, and they all claim to be the first. But the facts say that the Olmecs or the civilizations that preceded them were the first to leave them with their knowledge.
Astronomer John Carlson suggests that the Olmecs used such artifacts as directional devices for astrological or geomantic purposes. The artifact is a piece of polished magnetic stone with a groove at one end (possibly for sighting). The artifact now permanently points 35.5 degrees west of north, but may have been pointing north-south in general.
According to researchers at the University of Michigan, the device was a compass. This changes a lot of history, as it would mean that the ancient Olmecs were the inventors of the compass, not the Chinese as previously thought. It is believed that this device was used to place their buildings facing north.
Another interesting question remains – where did these statues point when they were in their original locations? After all, only someone who carried a “hematite compass” and knew that it should be directed to the navel or the right temple could know exactly where to go to the next “fat man”, who would indicate the next point of the secret route.
Where did this invisible, magnetic pointer lead? There is speculation that the Olmec civilization is the remnants of the people of Atlantis. It turns out that these magnetic statues-pointers, most likely, indicated the way to their submerged homeland – Atlantis.
Most likely it is for this reason that at some point, the high rulers and priests of the Olmecs decided to destroy these pointers and moved them from their original places of installation, and moreover, buried them in the ground.
The fact that they didn’t destroy them, but simply moved them and hid them, suggests that somewhere there is a “map” of the location of these magnetic pointers, and if someone can place the necessary statues in the right places, it is possible to find the way to Atlantis.