In the Eneid poem, Virgil tells of certain prophetic Sibyls who, inspired by God Apollo, predicted the future and performed many other mystical functions. The most famous of them – Sibylla Kumskaya predicts Aeneas future and accompanies him to the underworld.
According to one version of the legend, Apollo measured this siville for so many years of life, how many grains of sand settled in her handful. However, she forgot to ask God for eternal youth and dried up until she turned into a tiny wrinkled creature. Over time, her body fit into a bottle that hung on a tree, and between the sayings of prophecies she asked for death. Prophecies of the Sibylls are known as the Sibylline books. Sibylla Kumskaya invited the king Tarquinia to buy from her nine of these books. When he refused, she burned three books and offered him six for the same price. He refused again, and she burned three more, asking the same price for the rest. These three books were bought by the tsar. Subsequently, they were added to other books, and at critical moments for the state, the Romans turned to them for advice.
And here in 1932 in Kumah, a place near Naples was discovered a cave belonging, as is believed Siville Kumskaya. Kuma is probably the first Greek colony on the Italian coast, founded in the eighth century BC. Here are the remains of the temple of the mastermind Sibyl of Apollo and the temple of Jupiter 5 century BC. Nearby in the volcanic crater is Lake Avernus, which the Greeks and Romans perceived as an entrance to hell. When the birds flew over the lake, they died from poisonous fumes. Perhaps they had an impact on Virgil, who compiled a plan for his poem on the shores of the lake.
I must say that Kuma is a whole underground kingdom, but the Cave of Cibilla occupies a special place in it. The entire cave, 131 m long, was carved into the rock. Completely straightforward, it ends with a small hall with three niches, which were the house of Sibyl.
It is believed that the tunnel was built by the ancient Greeks, and then the Romans already in two stages, first between the sixth and fifth centuries BC, built a gallery and the oracle in a very solid breed, and then in the 4th-3rd centuries BC. , the tunnel was changed and expanded.
But if you look at the cave as a whole, it has nothing to do with the Roman style, but it has a striking similarity, for example with a tunnel that leads to the famous tomb of King Pacal in the Mayan pyramid in Palenque. In general, the trapezoid shape is very characteristic of the oldest stone structures scattered all over the world. You can recall the entrances to the Etruscan tombs, the megalithic walls of the Inca people in Cusco and Ollantaytambo, and many other examples. The question arises, how people who lived at different times, on different continents, came to the same architectural style.
Today it is difficult to understand what actually meant a similar type of geometry in the past, what functions it performed, and why a trapezoidal shape was used. Official science is also unable to explain what this cave was in fact, and why it was done in this form. She explains this by the union of the male (square) and female (triangle) principles, which tend to heavenly perfection …
In the right wall of the corridor, which is five meters in height, two and a half wide and over 130 meters in length, nine holes are made, also of a trapezoidal shape. In another place in the wall are carved deep niches of unknown destination. To the middle of the corridor to the left is a square room with three more trapezoidal rooms located crosswise. They have access to a small staircase. The rooms on the left are closed today. At the bottom of the room are several swimming pools, which vaguely resemble sarcophagi, but much smaller in size. A bit further, there is another small room, only a few square meters in width and about 1.60 m in height, in which there is a corner stone resembling a “sofa”. Further in the lower part of the tunnel there is a square room with an arch of round shape, and just behind it on the left a little lower, there is an oracle room, with three small arches placed in the cross. For a person who enters the first room and looks toward the oracle, it seems that this is just the lobby and the tunnel can continue through three doors, but then you realize that they are closed, as if the huge mass of cubic blocks prevents entry to further space. It seems a little strange that such a long corridor suddenly ends in a small oracle room, as small as a few square meters. And if you look closely at three niches, it seems that these are doors, well locked in the rock. On the central door are carved two deep furrows. Across the corridor on the walls on both sides there are rectangular holes about ten centimeters, as if something was passed from one side to the other.
Finally, along the sides of the cave, there is a kind of curb, on which some overlaps may have been laid. In the tomb of Pakal, the niche of his sarcophagus, very similar in shape to the Cave of the Cave, including a ledge at the bottom of the wall. In fact, the presence of a slab over the king sarcophagus suggests that such slabs could lie in the middle of the tunnel, and possibly throughout the corridor. And if the cave was not a tomb, then what could it be? Why did such tremendous efforts take place? And the oracle room, with three carved doors, what can hide behind them? Perhaps there are secret cells or even other corridors that lead unknown where. Maybe this is, the famous entrance to hell, which the poet Virgil described in his famous Aeneid.
The entire territory of the Phlegrean fields is associated with the myths of death and hell. It was here in ancient Greek mythology that there was a gigantomachy – a battle of the gods led by Zeus, assisted by Hercules, with the giants. Homer in the Odyssey mentions the mysterious people of the Kimerijians, who lived in this area before the Greeks and were associated with the Phlegrean underground world. Strabo describes them as the ancient inhabitants of the Tsuman region, who live in houses under the ground, which were connected by tunnels.
According to the representations of the Greco-Roman peoples about the afterlife, somewhere here in the vicinity of the Avernus lake is hidden the entrance to Tartarus. It is no accident that Virgil sends his hero Aeneas here to meet in the realm of the dead with his blind father Anchises, who told him about the future greatness of Rome. In Tartarus, Aeneas conducted just the Sibilla of the Cumulus and therefore it is not surprising that below the level of the Cave of the Sibyl, there is a Roman crypt, an example of the underground architecture and engineering talent of the Romans. It is connected by underground passages with other places of Kuma, as well as with Lake Avernus, through the cave of Cocceio. The tunnel was explored for about 180 meters, and then everything is crammed with rubbish and rubble.
In the world there are many other famous ancient structures, in which architectural elements in the form of a trapezium are used. This strange style can be seen inside the Great Pyramid, in the Grand Gallery. In the chamber of the Queen there is a niche of a trapezoidal shape formed by blocks in the wall, which carries no load from the mass of the pyramid. This style has a direct resemblance to the elements of the Maya architecture, for example in Khochikalko, Mexico. The Kara-Oba mound is one of the most mysterious monuments of the history of the Kerch Peninsula and, perhaps, of the entire Northern Black Sea coast, has an entrance that does not differ from the Mayan one. The mound is still a mystery, and there is still no consensus on the appointment of such a grandiose structure.
Mysterious Cums once again make us think about the connection of ancient civilizations among themselves. We observe similarities in culture, architecture, and technology, among all peoples living in antiquity on different continents. All this suggests that in the antediluvian times on Earth there was a single highly developed civilization supported by the Gods. This is evidenced by the myths of all ancient cultures from the Egyptians to the Mayans and the Incas. All of them believe that they originated from the inhabitants of a certain mythical continent, who died as a result of the catastrophe.
Many nations believed that the Gods lived underground and built false entrances to them cut down in the rocks. So did Anasazi in North America, so did in Cappadocia, and in many other places. And who knows, maybe behind the mysterious doors in the Cave of Sibyl, the entrance to the unknown world also hides.