In ancient times, for a long time Atlantis was only a mythical island mentioned in Plato’s dialogues. However, over time, more and more evidence of the existence of this lost civilization has emerged. Researchers from around the world are trying to uncover the secrets of Atlantis and reconstruct its history.
The process of denudation is a key factor
One of the main features of Atlantis, described by Plato, is its geographical location. The island was located in the sea, surrounded by steep banks. Researchers hypothesize that these steep cliffs indicate the presence of great depths around the island. The ancient Greeks could not have imagined such depths, but modern science confirms the possibility of their existence.
One of the key processes that may have led to the exposure of the island’s base rocks is denudation. This process occurs when weathering products are not retained on mountainsides and are washed out to sea. The karsted limestone surface of much of Greece today indicates that denudation did occur.
Soil and forests as regulators of water runoff
In the dialog “Critias”, Plato mentions that in ancient times the water falling from Zeus did not flow into the sea, but was absorbed into the soil and stored in beds of clay. This indicates that the soil and forests played the role of regulators of water runoff. Modern research confirms that the presence of fertile soil and dense forests helps to retain water and create sources of streams and rivers.
Location of Neith Temple in Egypt
At the beginning of the dialog Timaeus, Plato describes the location of the Temple of Neith in Egypt. He indicates that the temple is located at the top of the Delta, where the Nile splits into separate streams. This description fully corresponds to reality and confirms the accuracy of Plato’s information.
Earthquake and Flood
One of the major disasters described by Plato is the earthquake and flood. Modern geology suggests that these natural disasters often occur simultaneously during a tsunami. Researchers suggest that a volcanic explosion on the island of Tyre in the 15th century B.C. may have caused an earthquake and tsunami that reached mainland Greece, Crete, Egypt, and other parts of the eastern Mediterranean.
Persian wars and similarities with Atlantis
In describing the wars of Atlantis with the Praathenians, Plato mentions many similarities to the Persian wars. The Athenians, like the Greeks, had to fight alone against Atlantis’ powerful army, as the Greeks did against the Persians. Both conflicts were of strategic importance and jeopardized Greek independence.
Crete is a possible location of Atlantis
Plato’s description of the island of Atlantis reminds us of Crete, one of the largest islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The relief and natural features of Crete are similar to the description of Atlantis. In addition, the capital of Atlantis is compared to Tyre or Carthage, indicating that it may have been a major city.
Temple of Poseidon
Plato describes the temple of Poseidon, which was of impressive proportions and surrounded by a golden fence. This is in keeping with the general proportions of Greek temples, where the length is twice the width. The sculpture of Poseidon on a chariot, surrounded by Nereids on dolphins, is reminiscent of the work of the famous sculptor Skopas.
In conclusion, Atlantis remains a mystery, but mounting evidence points to its real existence. Plato’s descriptions are consistent with geographical features and events that may have occurred in ancient times. Researchers continue to seek answers and unravel the mysteries of this lost island.