In June 1908, something incredible happened – the Tunguska Phenomenon, the largest collision in history, which left traces on the Earth. This event still provokes lively discussions among scientists and researchers who are trying to unravel its mysteries.
The Tunguska phenomenon, also known as the Tunguska event, occurred in the remote Siberian taiga. Within minutes of midnight on June 30, 1908, a huge explosion rocked the region, shaking the ground and destroying everything in its path. Scientists estimate that the explosion was equivalent to 10-15 megatons of TNT, 1,000 times the power of the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima.
The event left behind enormous devastation. Over an area of about 2000 square kilometers, trees were swept away by the force of the explosion, leaving behind a giant “forest circle.” Hundreds of kilometers of forest were scorched, and animals in the area of the explosion were killed by the shock wave and fires.
For decades after the event, scientists argued about the causes of the Tunguska phenomenon. Various theories have been proposed, including a meteorite or comet impact, an atomic bomb explosion, or even a visit by aliens from outer space. However, the most widely accepted version was the theory of a collision with a cosmic body, possibly an asteroid or a comet.
Recent research supports this theory. Scientists have found traces of high concentrations of nickel and other metals in the area of the Tunguska phenomenon, indicating a possible origin from a meteorite or asteroid. In addition, the analysis of space dust and debris found in the area of the explosion also confirms this theory.
However, not all questions have been definitively resolved. Scientists are still unable to accurately determine the size and composition of the object that collided with Earth. It also remains a mystery why no remains of the body itself have been found. Perhaps it evaporated completely in the atmosphere or fell into one of the lakes, of which there are many in the area.
The Tunguska phenomenon remains one of the most mysterious events in history. Its scale and consequences still arouse surprise and interest of scientists and science enthusiasts. Solving all the mysteries of this phenomenon can help us better understand cosmic threats and protect our planet from potential dangers.