Scientists have created a map-forecast of climate change

Specialists from the University of Cincinnati in Ohio have developed an interactive map with which you can track climate change around the globe.

Tomasz Stepinski, a colleague of the College of Arts and Sciences of the University of Cincinnati, and his colleague, Polish researcher Pavel Neztel, using the information from the WorldClim public database, visualized the process of climate change over time. These data were recorded over 50 years by 50,000 international meteorological stations scattered throughout the Earth.

The map was called ClimateEx, and one of its advantages is that it allows researchers to study critical areas. These include the “warming” Arctic, and, as it turned out, the tropics around the equator, where the climate changes due to monthly precipitation. “When people think about climate change, the first thing that comes to mind is global warming,” says Stepinski. “But it’s also important to take into account the level of precipitation, and our mathematical model just reflects them.”

Netzel believes that the map will be especially useful when comparing or comparing geographically distant regions such as Salt Lake City in the United States and Tehran in Iran. “ClimateEx is for the most part an educational tool,” he says. “But it can help plan a trip or answer such curious questions as” is there a climate in the world that is similar to Houston’s climate? “Or” where to go to feel that you are in Florida? “.

Moreover, the map predicts which areas can be exposed to extreme weather events such as hurricanes and tsunamis. To do this, the user needs to point to a site where hurricanes happen quite often, and the map will tell which region will look the most “attractive” to them in a few decades.

“The climate is changing constantly, and it is not surprising that at the moment it is not what it was half a million years ago,” says Stepinski. “The problem is that in our time this happens much faster, and the then half a million years now are comparable to one century.”

Experts emphasize that the project is not intended to prevent emergencies, but it gives a general idea of ​​the Earth’s climatic future and can be useful in strategic planning for the development of urbanized space. In their opinion, knowledge of potential hazards improves the process of urban development.

In an article published in the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Stepinski and Nettzel reported that the climatic twin of Cincinnati is the Italian Vicenza: in both cities, depending on the season, the weather changes at the same rate.

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