The huge crater of Batagayka, which is called the Siberian Gateway to Hell, is increased by 15-20 meters per year. This conclusion was reached by an international team of scientists who made an expedition to the thermokarst basin, named after the nearby Batagayka River. Researchers note that the expansion of the failure will not stop until the ice completely melts along its edges.
Although the formation of the Batagay section is undoubtedly caused by global warming, scientists do not exclude the human factor. Craters are usually formed where people cut down the forest, carried out industrial work, paved the road, which was used all year round. Such processes weaken the soil cover, making it unstable.
The study of soil, flora and 200-thousand-year deposits of the basin will reveal what the ancient ecosystem of Batagayka was. This, in turn, will become the basis for predicting further climate change.
The crater is located 7 km from the village of Batagay in the Verkhoyansky district of Yakutia. The depth of the hollow is 100 m, the width is 800 m, and the length is over 1 km. Satellite observations from 1999 to 2016. Vividly prove: the basin of Batagayka is expanding.
The failure turned out to be a real treasure trove of paleontological values. Since 2011, excavations have been carried out here, the result of which are paleolum samples, fossilized plants, bones of the mammoth, cave lion, Lena horse, bison and other animals of the glacial period.