Volcanic eruption: the cause of the earthquake in Turkey?

In January 2022, a powerful eruption of the Hunga-Tonga-Hunga-Hapai volcano began in the Pacific expanse. Scientists found that this event could have caused an earthquake in Turkey that same month.

The eruption threw smoke and ash to a height of about 60 km, indicating the release of powerful energy. More than half a million lightning bolts were also recorded as a result of the thermal decomposition of gases released by the volcano. The eruption created a huge plasma bubble in the ionosphere, which raised concerns among specialists because of possible changes in the ozone layer. However, as it turned out later, the changes occurred only in the ionosphere.

Scientists now continue to debate whether the eruption of the Hunga-Tonga-Hunga-Hapai volcano could have caused the earthquake in Turkey. Some scientists believe there is a direct link between the ionosphere and the lithospheric plates, while other scientists argue that the earthquake may not have been caused solely by changes in the ionosphere.

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