Pollution of the environment is one of the main causes of mortality, according to a group of researchers who posted an article in the authoritative scientific journal Lancet.
According to scientists, every sixth death on Earth in one way or another is associated with a dysfunctional environmental situation. In Russia in 2015, the number of deaths from pollution-related causes was 8.5% of all deaths (172 thousand people). A total of 9 million deaths from pollution were recorded in the world in 2015.
The greatest impact on mortality is caused by air pollution. Among diseases caused by air pollution, there are strokes, heart attacks, oncological diseases, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. In addition, adverse effects on human health are caused by water and soil pollution, chemical exposures, climate change and ultraviolet radiation.
Most of all from deaths from pollution-related causes in low-income countries: India, China, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nigeria. Russia is on the seventh place in the list of the number of deaths.
It should be noted that in the mortality rates there is a positive trend: according to the WHO report, in 2012, 12 million people died from a combination of causes related to an unfavorable environment.