Archeologists recreate mankind history according to scrappy data, reading out information from skeletons, crocks, campfires, scrap of tools. Sometimes similar opening leave more questions, than give answers, but all the same supplement a past picture known to us. Before you — ten earliest archeological finds in this or that area.
Brain from a paleolith. In the summer of the 2016th the Italian archeologists found the boy’s remains from the paleolith which died at absolutely early age about 17 thousand years ago. On inside of a skull the brain print — so legible was found that researchers could recreate its digital copy. Now there is an opportunity to study a paleolith era brain, the first in the history of archeology.
First Christian finds. Near the well-known “Christ’s tomb” stone coffins with unusual inscriptions and drawings were found in Jerusalem. One of inscriptions is similar to Yahweh, another to Maher that on Aramaic meant “empress”. The image of the fish holding in a mouth of the person that sends to bible story about Jonah is also interesting. Considering that the tomb was built till 70th year AD, these finds can be considered the most precursory symptoms of Christianity.
The most ancient odontology. Unique tooth was in hands of researchers more century before they could realize its true value. It belonged to the person, died 6500 years ago, and scientists could find on it simulated “seal” from beeswax only recently. Very little so the find is of huge value in the ancient time is known of an odontology.
The first victim of firearms in South America. During excavation 72 bodies were found in Peru in superficial graves, and in a skull of one of them there was a through bullet hole. Skeletons belonged to the Inca who died about 500 years ago during the attack of the Spanish conquistadors. More careful studying of a skull showed musket bullet fragments around an opening. The killed Indian was one of the first victims of firearms on the South American continent.
Ancestor of “hobbits”. Homo floresiensis found in Indonesia, the “Flores person” who is also nicknamed “hobbit” had no communications with other hominids — so far in 70 kilometers from the place where it was found, did not find other remains. “Hobbit” died about 70 thousand years ago, and his alleged ancestor — 700 thousand years ago, but their appearance was almost identical. The theory of their origin consists that the hominids which got on the island of Flores decreased in sizes over time, as well as almost all isolated island types.
The first twins and death at childbirth. Last year in the territory of Siberia burial by an age in 8 thousand years was revealed. Inside there was a skeleton of the woman and two twins, one of whom still was in the region of a uterus. Most likely mother died at difficult delivery when one of children was bound with the second.
Priruchyonny and buried. In 2003, digging out a funeral complex in Abydos, archeologists found remains of one of the first Pharaohs, and also bones of donkeys. Most likely these animals living 5 thousand years ago were one of the first tamed wild donkeys in Egypt. Their domestication is usually connected with government of Narmer who united Top and bottom Egypt.
Violence over children. It is difficult to determine something for certain by ancient bones, but this case was too obvious. Found an age in 2 thousand years bones of the two-three-year-old child affected by violence in one of graves of Egypt. The broken clavicle, a forearm, edges, a basin and a backbone — all this indicated ill treatment. Bones healed and were broken again — means, it proceeded the progressive time. Remains of other children at the cemetery had on similar no traces, violence was not norm. This earliest proof of violence over children in the history and the first in the territory of Egypt.
Shaman. In burial by an age in 12 thousand years, falling into to natufiysky culture (the territory of the modern Israel), found remains of 28 people. One of the dead, perhaps, was the Shaman buried on a unique ceremony. Its grave is surrounded with a stone wall, the body of the 45-year-old woman is buried under ten larger stones, and a row laid parts of animals — 50 armors of turtles, a foot of the person, vertebrae from a tail of the died-out type of a tour, two petrified skulls of a swallow, a wing of a golden eagle, a leg of a wild boar, a haunch bone of a leopard.
People from the Cervine cave. Was considered that prehistoric hominids died out shortly after the homo sapiens stepped into the territory of Eurasia. But the find of 1989 in the Cervine cave in the southeast of China called this theory into question. The person who possessed the skull found there most of all reminds ancestors of Homo sapiens living in Africa 1.5 million years ago, thus that he died only 14 thousand years ago. Perhaps, the modern and prehistoric people coexisted together 60 thousand years though there is also other theory which explains features of anatomy of a find with a drift of genes.