Imagine that the environment will make you acquire superpowers. It seems incredible? Then get acquainted with living organisms, which in the course of evolution appeared supernatural forces!
1. Frost-resistant super-tanks
Residents of New York remember the story of the Asian cockroach, which was found in 2013 in the park High Line in Manhattan. The insect was frost-resistant and felt great at low temperature and during a snowfall. The pest controlist, who found the insect, sent it for analysis to the University of Florida (USA). They found out that the tarkan belongs to the species Periplaneta japonica. The insect of this species was discovered in the USA for the first time. Scientists believe that it arrived in the park along with the eastern plants.
For nearly 20 years, Japanese scientists have been breeding larvae of this species and studied their resistance to survival in the snow. View flooded Korea and China, and it was confirmed that these cockroaches can survive in a cold climate. Therefore, it is very likely that the insect could live in winter New York. But the cockroaches from Asia did not flood New York. To do this they did not give local species.
2. Resistant rats the size of a cat
In 2014, the inhabitants of Liverpool in England noticed a giant rat. They called the service for shooting rodents. Some caught rats were the size of a cat. But the rodents were not just huge, they had immunity to poison. Rat catchers reported that calls for rats increased by 15% and that rodents were not affected by ordinary poison (use of a stronger substance requires legislative approval). Studies have shown that genetic mutations produced a new kind of super-rats, which now accounts for 75% of the rat population in some parts of England.
3. Asian super-gravities
The so-called superfamily from Asia was found in English Gloucestershire in 2009, and wildlife experts sounded the alarm. Fire alarm. The ants attracted electricity, and they settled in sockets and power sources, creating a fire threat. Ants, an invasive species, relatively new to Europe, tend to settle in huge populations. More than 35 thousand “fire-dangerous” insects were found in Gloucestershire.
4. Killer bees
African bees reached the Western Hemisphere when they were imported to Brazil in 1956 for inter-species crossing with local bees. The goal was to produce more honey, but a few years later swarms of bees and several dozen queens fled and formed hybrid populations with European bees. Mutants spread to the north of South and Central America and now live even in the south of the United States.
Also known as Africanized, insects deserve their nickname – bee-killer. They are dangerous, because they attack uninvited guests in packs larger than European honey bees. In Brazil, they killed 1,000 people. The victims received 10 times more bites than the European species of bees. Africanized bees respond to the invasion 10 times faster than the “Europeans”, and will pursue a person up to 400 meters.
5. A catfish that hunts pigeons
Along the Tarn in France, catfish like to feast on birds, and specifically pigeons. But how can a fish hunt birds? Watch the video and find out! Somas lie in shallow water and wait until the dove flies close enough. Then they jump out of the water, stretch out on the shore and rush back into the river. Ideally, with a caught bird.
6. Drug resistant bacteria
Antibiotics – one of the most important discoveries of the 20th century – saved millions of lives. But now bacteria resistant to antibiotics appear around the world. Why is that? The crisis of resistance to antibiotics is explained by the excessive and incorrect use of drugs, as well as the insufficient development of new drugs by the pharmaceutical industry (not to mention the rapid evolution of microorganisms). Two million people are infected each year with bacteria that are resistant to antibiotics, and about 23,000 of them die. Thus, this superpower is the most dangerous on the list.