A 15th-century knight’s castle discovered in Poland: Excavations and discoveries

Polish archaeologists continue to find interesting artifacts during their excavations. Recently they discovered the ruins of a small knight’s castle that was located in the town of Widow, Upper Silesia. A large number of curious artifacts were found inside the castle, including fragments of Gothic stove tiles.

History of the place

Prior to this discovery, scientists had very little information about the history of the place. The town of Vidove is known primarily for the local scenic hills called the Vidove Mountains. As it turned out, one of them was chosen back in the Middle Ages as a place to build a defensive fortress.

About the excavations

The mound turned out to be damaged, so archaeologists first studied its surroundings. They drilled several exploratory pits, which allowed them to trace the cultural layers. They then carried out local excavations. The researchers found the remains of a wooden tower with both residential and nonresidential premises. The ruins of the house where the knight himself lived were also found.

About the findings

A lot of interesting artifacts were found inside the castle, which can tell scientists a lot about the life and the life of the knights of that time. Among them were fragments of Gothic stove tiles with an image of St. George fighting the dragon. This image is one of the most popular in medieval culture and symbolizes victory over evil.

Ruins of the house in which the knight himself lived have also been found. So far, scientists have not been able to determine why the castle was destroyed. Perhaps it was the result of its siege, but such a tower could also be destroyed by accidental fire. At the moment it is established that it was a two or three story tower, equipped with various defensive constructions.

Among the relics found, the researchers single out a copper ornamental element of the belt, a coin of the late 15th century and a decorative sword tip with a fragment of the hilt. According to archaeologists, all this could belong to one of the knights of the Vidovsky family, who owned the surrounding estates in the XV century.


This discovery will allow scientists to better understand the history of the region and the lives of knights of that time. They will continue to work at the excavation site and possibly find even more interesting artifacts.

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