The expedition of American archaeologists, who conducted excavations in the territory of Luxor, found several canopies in the tomb of the high priest of Amun – sealed ritual vessels with the organs of a noble woman who lived in the last days of the independence of Ancient Egypt, the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities reports.
“Despite the fact that the flood damaged the contents of the canopy, they still contain a fairly large amount of resin, all of them were made in the style of the 26th dynasty of Ancient Egypt and all of them have an inscription dedicated to their” lady from the house of Ameniris ” says Elena Pishchikova, head of the American archaeological expedition in El Assassy.
Her team carries out excavations on the territory of this funeral complex where the remains of the 18th, 25th and 26th dynasty pharaohs and their approximate friends have been buried since 2006. These tombs were discovered by the Prussian archaeologist Karl Lepsius as early as the 1870s, but serious study began only at the beginning of the current millennium.
Unlike many other monuments of ancient Egyptian culture, the tombs of nobles and rulers in El Assassi almost completely collapsed over the past centuries and millennia, which forces archaeologists to simultaneously excavate and reconstruct the tombs, protecting them from further destruction.
Carrying out similar works in the tomb of Carabasken, the high priest of Amun during the time of the Pharaohs of the 25th dynasty, scientists discovered on its floor a square pit about a half meter in depth, in which four canopies were hidden – ritual vessels in which the Egyptian priests kept the bodies of the deceased.
Canopes found in the tomb of the high priest of Amun in Luxor
“The canopies have been preserved very well, but they fell to the side and were partially opened because this tomb was flooded in the past.One of the vessels was broken into many fragments.Now our restorers are carrying out all the necessary procedures for their cleaning and protection,” – added Mustafa Waziri, head of Egypt’s Supreme Council of Antiquities.
The lids of each of the vessels, as noted by archaeologists, were covered with ritual inscriptions characteristic of the Amon cult of the 26th dynasty, and were carved from pieces of alabaster by three different masters.
The name of their owner Amenardis, “given by God Amon,” and the high quality of making these artifacts suggests that this lady was either a relative of the 26th dynasty pharaohs, or simply a very noble woman. Further study of these canopies and the pit where they were found, as the scientists hope, will help to more accurately answer this question.