China begins drilling the first research and exploration well with a depth of more than 10 thousand meters.

China, one of the world’s leading countries in deep Earth exploration, has begun drilling the first scientific exploration well more than 10,000 meters deep. This great undertaking provides an unprecedented opportunity to explore the Earth’s deepest layers and expand the boundaries of human knowledge.

The well, with a design depth of 11,100 meters, is located in the Tarim Basin of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, the largest desert in China. During the drilling process, equipment weighing more than 2,000 tons, including drill bits and drill pipes, will go deep underground, penetrating more than 10 continental layers, including the Cretaceous layer.

The Tarim Basin is one of the most difficult areas to explore due to the harsh terrestrial environment and difficult underground conditions. However, China decided to undertake this daring exploration to expand knowledge of an unknown part of the Earth.

“The difficulties of the drilling project can be compared to a large truck driving on two thin steel cables,” said Sun Jinsheng, an academician at the Chinese Academy of Engineering.

Drilling a well more than 10,000 meters deep is a unique research project that provides an opportunity to delve into an unknown part of the Earth and push the boundaries of human knowledge. Wang Chunsheng, a technician involved in the drilling process, said this is China’s great undertaking in deep exploration.

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