The Nazca Plateau in Peru is known for its huge drawings and lines that are still a mystery to researchers. More than 13,000 lines form 800 figures, many of which are shaped like animals. However, the most amazing thing about Nazca is that these drawings are only visible from above. How were the ancient inhabitants of Peru able to create such precise and large-scale figures without the use of modern technology? These questions still remain unanswered.
There are many hypotheses and assumptions about the creation of drawings on the Nazca Plateau. One of the most famous hypotheses belongs to Erich von Daniken, who claimed that the Nazca lines were landing lights for extraterrestrial beings. However, this theory has not been scientifically confirmed and is considered rather fantastic.
Another hypothesis, proposed by German archaeologist Maria Reiche, links the Nazca lines to astrological symbols. Some of the drawings correspond to constellations visible at certain times of the year. For example, the figure of the monkey corresponds to the constellation of the Big Dipper, and the drawing of the Spider corresponds to the constellation of Orion. This hypothesis has some scientific basis, but it does not explain all the drawings and lines on the Nazca Plateau.
The most interesting and innovative hypothesis is American researcher David Johnson’s suggestion of a connection between geoglyphs and bodies of water on the Nazca Plateau. He argues that the Nazca lines are markers of underground water resources, indicating the location of wells and canals. For example, the trapezoid symbol may indicate the presence of a well underground, while circles may indicate underground springs. This hypothesis represents a new perspective on Nazca drawings and may help solve the mystery of the Peruvian deserts.
However, despite all the hypotheses and assumptions, the mystery of the drawings on the Nazca Plateau remains unsolved. Perhaps the ancient inhabitants of Nazca possessed knowledge and technologies that are still a mystery to us.
Researchers from the German Archaeological Institute and the Andean Institute for Archaeological Research have discovered religious offerings near geoglyphs on the Nazca Plateau. This may indicate that the drawings were used to ensure fertility, a good harvest and a supply of water.
One of the most mysterious drawings on the Nazca Plateau is the depiction of a spider. This spider, as entomologists have found out, belongs to a species of ricinulea, which lives only in the most inaccessible places of the Amazon forests. The accuracy of the image of the spider is astounding, especially considering that the ancient inhabitants of Nazca did not have access to microscopes to learn about such fine details. This raises even more questions about how they were able to create such an exact replica of a rare spider.
The mystery of the Nazca Plateau drawings continues to preoccupy the minds of researchers from around the world. Many hypotheses and assumptions do not give a definitive answer to the question of who and for what purpose created these mysterious figures. Perhaps the answers to these questions are yet to be found.