Fibonacci is not only a mathematical sequence, but also a pattern that can be observed in nature. One of the most notable examples are Fibonacci spirals, which can be seen on snail shells, plant twigs, and even in galaxies. But it turns out that these spirals play a key role in plant evolution.
According to the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B, scientists from the University of Yen discovered that Fibonacci spirals help plants spread their seeds more efficiently. It is thanks to this mechanism that plants can adapt to changing environmental conditions and survive.
How does it work? Every time a plant produces seeds, they are placed along a Fibonacci spiral. This allows them to occupy as much surface area as possible and get enough light and nutrients to grow. In addition, this way of placing the seeds allows them not to compete with each other for resources and allows for more efficient propagation.
This discovery may help scientists better understand how plants adapt to changing environments and what mechanisms underlie their evolution. In addition, it may have practical applications in agriculture and forestry, where efficient seed dispersal plays an important role.
But this is not the only way in which Fibonacci spirals influence the plant world. They also help plants optimize their growth and shape, which is especially important for trees. For example, trees with steeper branches have shorter trunks and a wider crown, allowing them to receive more light and nutrients. In this way, Fibonacci spirals help plants make the most of the resources available to them.
Of course, not all plants use Fibonacci spirals. Some species place their seeds randomly, while others place them in clusters. But those that use this mechanism gain a distinct advantage in the struggle for survival.