Four frightening archaeological finds

The land is fraught with many interesting, intriguing and creepy. The movie the mummy — the rebellious monsters, Viking valiant barbarians, and the ancient Scots — Braveheart. The reality is sometimes less heroic, but more complicated, and you can be sure that more sensation is waiting for us in the future.
Severed hands

During the excavation of the once majestic Palace in the Egyptian city of tell El Daba near the throne room, scientists discovered four pits with human remains. In traditional archaeology. But the eyes of archaeologists sparkled when they saw that two pits were skeletons of men who have not had the brush in his right hand. Missing hands found in the other two pits.

All of the brushes was discovered 14 pieces. According to Manfred Bietak, head of the excavations, “most of the hands were quite large and some very large”. (Although we have not seen the hands of Manfred, maybe they are very small).

Apparently, the skeletons belonged to the killed soldiers of the tribe of hexoses — the ancient people who conquered Egypt about 3.6 thousand years ago. In Ancient Egypt there was a custom according to which the warrior could cut off the right hand of the slain enemy and then get the reward for it — the so-called “gold of valor”. People knew how to live!

A fragment of the brush, found during excavations

Frozen kids

For a ritual called capacocha Incas were selected the most beautiful and healthy children. They drove high into the mountains, gave the intoxicating potion, and sleepy children froze to the delight of the Inca gods. Inca parents consoled themselves with the fact that children who die this way become immortal. The ritual was held as about, and without — just to make sure of the favor of the gods.

In 1999, a group of archaeologists led by Johan Reinhard, fumbling in the earth near a volcano Llullaillaco (a distant relative of Eyjafjallajokull), suspicious pushed a boulder and found the entrance to the crypt with well preserved bodies of three children.

Later, in laboratory conditions, a study was conducted of children’s hair. It turned out, their diet changed about a year before the death, which proves rigorous training ritual killings.
The designer of the bones

In 2000 in Scotland found the remains of men and women aged 3000 years. Professor, University of Manchester Terry brown carefully studied the remains of more than ten years (perhaps even take them home on weekends!) but something didn’t work out.

Light on the origin of the skeletons helped to shed DNA. It turned out that both of the skeleton was prepared as the designer of the bones of as many as six different people! Brown also found out that the creators of the designer to “build” lowered the bones into a peat bog. Peat has a mummifying properties — so that the collector knew his business. The motives of the ritual is still unknown.

One of the bodies found during the excavations

The Vikings without a head

Completing our shortlist archaeologists Dorset. Beautiful English-a foggy day scientists decided to dig a little near country road. They were hoping to find a couple of shards, or any other valuable piece of rock. Their hopes were dashed: they dug up the mass grave of 54 warriors-the Vikings! All the soldiers were decapitated, and heads were much smaller than tel and buried the heads with the torsos were in different holes.

The most plausible version is: it’s a public execution hurt uncontrolled Vikings, with elements of the macabre rite (all the heads were severed with a blow of the sword on the neck front).

In VIII-IX centuries the Anglo-Saxons had to endure the constant barbarian raids of the Scandinavians. Revenge maybe, or fear of dead Vikings, forced the ancient Britons to deal with enemies such compound method.

The process of excavation of the bodies of the Vikings

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