How to properly treat jellyfish stings: what research says

Summer is the time to relax on the beach and swim in the sea. But sometimes the pleasant pastime can be marred by jellyfish stings. So what can you do to relieve the pain and avoid complications? In this article, we will look at the results of research conducted by experts in the treatment of jellyfish bites.

Why are jellyfish bites so painful?

Jellyfish are marine animals that are common around the world. They have tentacles covered with tiny cells called nematocysts. When these cells touch your skin, they release a poison that can cause burning, redness, swelling, and sometimes more serious reactions such as heart problems.

How do I treat jellyfish stings?

There are many ways to treat jellyfish bites, but which is the most effective? Experts have answered this question through a number of studies.

Various methods have been used to treat jellyfish bites, such as vinegar, hot water, ice packs, isopropyl alcohol, denatured alcohol, ammonia and sodium bicarbonate. Adolf and Sting Aid softeners were also used.

Studies have found that the effectiveness of jellyfish sting treatment depends on the species of jellyfish.

For blue flies or Portuguese warship (Physalia), warm water of about 45 ℃ is recommended for pain relief. This is because warm water denatures the venom protein. You can also use a warming compress or take a hot shower.

Vinegar is recommended for box jellyfish. Although the evidence is not definitive, vinegar inactivates nematocysts in laboratory tests. Therefore, if you receive a box jellyfish bite, try using vinegar.

Also, regardless of the species of jellyfish, you should first remove any visible tentacles with tweezers or a gloved hand.

What not to do when getting stung by jellyfish?

There are many folk remedies for treating jellyfish bites, but not all of them are effective and may even make the condition worse.

For example, rubbing jellyfish bites with sand can cause irritation and increased pain. Isopropyl alcohol, denatured alcohol, or ammonia are also not recommended, as they can cause skin irritation.

Also, the myth that urine helps with jellyfish bites has been debunked by many studies. In fact, the use of urine can aggravate the condition and cause additional burns.

In conclusion.

Jellyfish bites can be very painful and cause discomfort. But thanks to research done by experts, we know how to properly treat jellyfish bites. Regardless of the type of jellyfish, it is recommended to remove all visible tentacles with tweezers or a gloved hand. Warm water should be used to treat blue fly or Portuguese warship (fisalia) bites and vinegar should be used to treat box jellyfish bites.

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