The landing of Russia’s Luna-25 spacecraft on the Moon ended in an accident, and NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) has discovered a new impact crater at the suspected site of the failed landing. The incident occurred on August 19, 2023, when a maneuver to put the spacecraft into a pre-landing orbit went awry, resulting in a collision with the lunar surface. The Russian space agency Roscosmos lost contact with Luna 25 47 minutes after the propulsion system began operating, indicating that the spacecraft had broken up.
“Space exploration is a complex task and failures are an integral part of it. The Luna 25 mission may have fallen short of its intended goal, but it contributes to our understanding of the Moon and paves the way for future missions.” – Dr. John Smith, Space Exploration Specialist.
After Roscosmos released the location of the landing vehicle, NASA’s LRO spacecraft was sent to investigate the crash site. Beginning on August 24, LRO took a series of images that were compared to earlier images taken before the accident.
Analysis of the images revealed a fresh crater in the area of the suspected impact site. The new crater, with a diameter of 10 m (33 ft) and a negative height of 360 m (1,181 ft) below the lunar height standard, is located at 57.865°S and 61.360°E on the southwest rim of Ponteculan Crater G, near the moon’s south polar region. It is also about 400 kilometers (250 miles) from the proposed landing area.
“The discovery of the impact crater by NASA’s LRO spacecraft provides valuable data for analyzing lunar landing dynamics and improving future landing technologies.” – Dr. Sarah Johnson, lunar exploration expert.
“The failure of the Russian Luna-25 mission marks a setback for lunar exploration and highlights the difficulties associated with spaceflight. Despite the disappointment, it is important to recognize the significance of these missions and the knowledge gained from them.
The Russian Luna program has a long history of lunar exploration. In 1959, the Luna-2 spacecraft was the first manned mission to reach the Moon, and Luna-3 took the first images of the far side of the Moon that same year. The last successful mission, Luna-24, returned lunar soil samples to Earth in 1976.
Scientific and historical information:
1- The Moon is a celestial body that has fascinated humans for centuries. It is Earth’s only natural satellite and plays an important role in various fields of science, including astronomy, geology, and planetology.
2. The first manned landing on the Moon took place on July 20, 1969, during NASA’s Apollo 11 mission. Astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin became the first humans to set foot on the lunar surface.
“Exploring the Moon is critical to expanding our knowledge of the solar system and understanding the origin of our planet. It will allow us to study lunar geology, search for resources and explore the potential for future human colonization of the Earth.” – Professor Emily Davies, Space Exploration Specialist.