The advanced ICI-5 booster rocket was launched from New Aalesund, Svalbard on Tuesday November 26 and delivered a payload of 157 miles.
Every second, 1.5 million tons of solar material fly off from the Sun and fly off into space, traveling at a speed of hundreds of miles per second. Known as the solar wind, this continuous stream of plasma, or electrified gas, has been crashing onto Earth for more than 4 billion years. Due to the magnetic field of our planet, it mainly deviates to the side. But go far enough north and you will find an exception.
“Most of the Earth is protected from the solar wind,” said Mark Conde, a space physicist at the University of Alaska, Fairbanks.
“But right at the poles, in the midday sector, our magnetic field becomes a hole into which the solar wind can penetrate to the atmosphere.”
These funnels, known as polar holes, can cause some problems. The influx of solar wind disrupts the atmosphere, disrupting the operation of satellites, as well as radio and GPS signals.
a research program with the launching of rockets with scientific equipment, is designed to study the causes of the rapid movement of the poles, as well as the influence that the weakened magnetic field of the Earth and the shifting poles have on the Earth’s navigation systems and equipment.