The abnormally early formation of the ozone hole over Antarctica this year is of serious concern to scientists. Usually, the ozone hole begins to appear in late September, peaks in October and closes in November or December. However, satellites of the European Center for Medium-Term Weather Forecasts recorded its appearance as early as August, which is an unusual phenomenon.
Scientists note that such an early formation of the ozone hole was not expected. Dr. Martin Juker, a lecturer at the Center for Climate Change Research from the University of New South Wales, stresses that this is cause for some alarm. Chris Lucas, a senior scientist at the Australian Bureau of Meteorology, suggests that the ozone hole will increase rapidly in the coming days, which could lead to the formation of one of the largest ozone holes.
Scientists believe that the early formation of the ozone hole was influenced by long-term changes in the atmosphere caused by the massive eruption of the Tonga volcano in the Pacific Ocean. Volcanic ash and gases released into the atmosphere as a result of the eruption contribute to ozone depletion.
The consequences of this early formation of an ozone hole could be serious. If the hole is larger than average, it could lead to even greater heating of the Southern Ocean, which is already experiencing record low sea ice levels. The heating of the ocean would alter the climate and ecosystem of Antarctica. In addition, the increased ultraviolet radiation will influence the movement of winds, which will destroy sea ice even more strongly.
The situation with the ozone hole over Antarctica requires attention and action from the international community. Scientists and experts call for increased international efforts to reduce emissions of harmful substances that destroy the ozone layer. Only joint efforts can prevent further destruction of the ozone layer and minimize negative consequences for the climate and the environment.