Russia launched a new floating nuclear power plant, a 70-megawatt “Academician Lomonosov”, on the Baltic Sea.
Starting from St. Petersburg, the station will be towed past Norway to Murmansk to load up nuclear fuel. Already from there she will go to the Arctic to warm up 100,000 people in the city of Pevek (Chukotka Autonomous Okrug), and also provide energy for the desalination plant and oil rigs.
Construction of the ship began in 2007 and, according to various reports, cost 232 million dollars. The company that owns it, Rosatom, initially planned to load the reactor with nuclear fuel in St. Petersburg, and then tow the ship straight to Pevek, but Greenpeace and several Baltic states opposed it, so the load will take place in Murmansk.
“Moving the tests of this” nuclear Titanic “away from the eyes of the public will not make the tests less irresponsible,” says Greenpeace nuclear expert Jan Haverkamp. “Nuclear reactors floating in the Arctic Ocean will pose a shockingly obvious threat to a fragile environment that is already under enormous pressure from climate change.”
A nuclear vessel will replace a 48-megawatt nuclear power plant in the Pevek region. It turned out that it would be easier to build a ship in St. Petersburg, and then transport it by sea, rather than build a new station so far. “The pier, hydraulic structures and other buildings necessary for mooring the ship will be ready upon the arrival of Academician Lomonosov,” Rosatom reported.