In the Russian Far Eastern Federal University (FEFU) for the first time in the world synthesized two-dimensional (quantum) metal.
The resulting material – the thinnest film of a double layer of thallium atoms on a silicon substrate – is called two-dimensional because of its negligible thickness in comparison with the length and width of the layer. Quantum effects play an important role in the metal.
The metal is capable of changing properties when exposed to a magnetic field at low temperatures (about -272 ° C), becoming a superconductor or an insulator. Scientists believe that further study of the nature of this phenomenon will allow them to create superconductors for use under the usual temperature regime.