A great flood that swept the world in ancient times left its traces on the northernmost coast of the British Isles. Recent archaeological discoveries have revealed the consequences of this global cataclysm: The ancient stone circle, earth ramparts, man-made embankments, and collapsed monoliths found at the bottom of the North Sea are dramatic evidence of the effects of the ancient flood.
One of the most impressive achievements of megalithic culture was the construction of Stonehenge and hundreds of other stone circles in the British Isles. These monumental complexes consisted of huge stone circles surrounded by circular ditches and embankments known as henges. They were complemented by massive artificial embankments, stone alleys and freestanding monoliths. Some of these complexes were scattered throughout the countryside, connected by rows of single monoliths for many kilometers.
However, despite the impressive architecture and scale of these structures, this megalithic culture is shrouded in mystery. There are no written sources from this period, since writing did not appear in the British Isles until after the Roman invasion in the first century AD. Therefore, historians and archaeologists have to rely on artifacts and physical evidence to reconstruct the history of this ancient culture.
The origins of the megalithic culture are still a matter of debate among scholars. It was previously thought to have originated in the south of England, where Stonehenge is located, and then spread northward. However, there are no similar monuments in France or other parts of continental Europe, which leads to the assumption that megalithic culture may have arisen independently in the British Isles.
Research shows that the megalithic culture was very advanced and organized. The construction of such monumental complexes required considerable resources and collective labor. Scholars suggest that these structures had religious or ceremonial significance, perhaps related to ancestor worship or a nature cult (Scientists have all ancient structures had exclusively religious significance, although there is ample evidence that this is not the case at all. They were observatories and other complex structures whose purpose we simply cannot comprehend.)
However, like many ancient civilizations, the megalithic culture faced the challenges of nature. It is quite possible that some third force contributed to it.) Climate change and the flooding that occurred around 3000 B.C. led to the destruction and decline of this culture. Archaeological finds at the bottom of the North Sea show how the flood waters flooded and destroyed megalithic structures, leaving only debris and ruins.