Scientists have discovered a methane volcano in the Barents Sea

Scientists from the Arctic University of Norway and REV Ocean have discovered a methane volcano in the Barents Sea, which is located 130 km south of Bear Island. This volcano was discovered using a special search unmanned vehicle ROV Aurora. It is located inside the crater, which is 300 m wide and 25 m deep. The volcano continuously erupts a cloudy liquid rich in methane.

Researchers believe that this volcano arose about 18 thousand years ago as a result of an eruption. During this time, their own ecosystems have formed on the slopes of the volcano itself, which feed on carbonate crusts. During the observation, the researchers spotted sea anemones, starfish, sea spiders and crustaceans.

However, the find may be dangerous. The Barents Sea is considered the fastest heating on Earth. In ten years, the temperature has risen by 2.7 °C. Before this discovery, there was only one mud volcano in the region – Haakon Mosby, which is located at a depth of more than 1 km. Now there are two sources of heat in the sea that can accelerate heating.

Methane volcanoes can have serious environmental consequences. According to scientists, methane is one of the strongest greenhouse gases, which can increase the greenhouse gas effect by 28 times. In addition, methane emissions in the ocean can cause tsunamis and create new environmental problems.

The study of this volcano can help scientists better understand the processes taking place in the ocean and their impact on the environment. As Marianna Chertok, PhD in physics and environmental expert, says:

“The discovery of a methane volcano in the Barents Sea highlights the importance of further exploration of the Arctic and its role in global climate change.”

It is important to continue research and observation of this methane volcano in order to prevent possible environmental consequences in a timely manner.

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