Space travel has always been an object of scientific and public attention. However, not everyone knows that a long stay in space can have negative effects on the human body, including changing genes and compromising the immune system. In this article, we take a look at the latest scientific findings in this area and try to understand how this might affect future space missions.
Studies have shown that spaceflight can cause changes in astronauts’ genes. For example, in 2017, it was found that prolonged time in space can lead to changes in the expression of genes responsible for metabolism and the immune system. This can lead to poorer astronaut health and an increased risk of disease.
In addition, spaceflight can cause mutations in astronaut genes. For example, in 2018, it was found that prolonged time in space can lead to mutations in genes responsible for regulating the cell cycle and apoptosis. This can lead to the development of cancer and other diseases.
Compromise of the immune system
Spaceflight can also have a negative impact on astronauts’ immune systems. Studies have shown that prolonged stays in space can lead to a decrease in the number of white blood cells and other cells responsible for fighting infections. This can increase the risk of developing infectious diseases and other illnesses.
In addition, spaceflight can cause changes in the gut microbiome of astronauts. Studies have shown that prolonged time in space can lead to changes in the composition of the microbiome, which can lead to poor digestion and other health problems.
What to do.
As we can see, spaceflight can have negative effects on the human body. However, this does not mean that we should abandon space exploration. Instead, we should develop special methods and technologies to help minimize the negative effects of spaceflight on the human body.
For example, one possible solution could be the use of gene therapy to correct changes in the genes of astronauts. Special diets and drugs can also be developed to help keep astronauts’ immune systems in good condition.
Spaceflight is an important step for humanity in space exploration. However, we must realize that it can have negative effects on the human body. Therefore, we must continue research in this field and develop new methods and technologies that will help to minimize the risks to the health of astronauts.