The amazing mystery of the Rook of Cheops.

The Great Pyramid of Cheops is the most gigantic tomb in human history. But what is the “solar rook of Cheops” and what role did it play in ancient Egyptian culture?

History of the find

In 1955, under the pyramid of Cheops was found disassembled into 650 parts rook. It took more than a decade to assemble this ship. The mummy of the pharaoh was delivered to the place of burial on the “solar rook of Cheops”, and then ferried across the Nile. It was believed that the pharaoh went to another, eternal life to the sun god Ra on the heavenly Nile. The rook served for this posthumous journey. This function of the floating “hearse” was not questioned by Egyptologists.

Dating problems

However, the dating of the find raises certain problems. Classics of Egyptology believe that the pyramid of Cheops was built in the XXVI century BC. However, radiocarbon analysis of the wood from which the rook of Cheops was built, showed a surprising result: it was created 3400 BC, which is a thousand years older than the assumed date.

A ritual symbol or a sea boat?

There are several points of view on the role of the Cheops Rook. Some scholars, such as Professor Punin of the Academy of Arts, believe that it was purely ritual in nature and symbolized the navigation of the celestial Nile. They believe that the Egyptians thought symbolically and therefore created a complex design of the rook.

However, Björn Landström, a Swedish expert on ancient navigation, believes that the rook of Cheops was actually buoyant. He claims that it could have been used not only for sailing on the Nile, but also for traveling in the Mediterranean and Atlantic. This opinion is also supported by the famous explorer Thor Heyerdahl.

The mystery of the Rook of Cheops

It remains a mystery why Cheops’ rook was created from 1,224 separate parts and had such gigantic dimensions. If it was just a ritual maquette, why such complex construction and labor-intensive work? Why wasn’t it made from a single log and placed directly in the tomb? And why did other pharaonic tombs contain clay models of funeral boats, but Cheops needed a real boat?

This mystery is still unsolved, and its answer may shed light on ancient Egyptian culture and technology of the time.

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