The mystery of the Piri Reis map: the discovery of Antarctica long before Bellingshausen-Lazarev

In 1929, a map was discovered in the library of the Imperial Palace in Istanbul, which depicted the western coast of Africa, the eastern coast of South America and … the northern coast of Antarctica! The map was drawn on a piece of parchment by the Turkish admiral Piri Reis and dated 1513. At that time, mankind did not yet know about the existence of the sixth continent, however, the map of Reis fully showed the eastern coast of South America, as well as the Strait of Magellan, until the discovery of which at the time of the creation of the map there were still seven years.

But the most amazing thing on the Reis map is the Princess Martha Coast, located on the Atlantic coast of Antarctica and which is part of Queen Maud Land. The Russian expedition of Bellingshausen-Lazarev, which sailed on the ships Vostok and Mirny along the Pacific coast of the southernmost continent in January 1820, was considered to have discovered Antarctica. However, Reis mapped the Princess Martha Coast more than 300 years before the existence of a sixth continent became known to mankind.

According to the admiral himself, when compiling the map, Piri Reis used other, earlier maps, some of which date back to the 4th century BC. This suggests that ancient civilizations already had knowledge of the existence of Antarctica long before its discovery by Europeans.

Of course, not everyone recognizes the authenticity of the Reis card and considers it a fake. However, multiple examinations only confirm its age and authenticity.

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