Unique artifacts and ancient tombs: Excavations in China open new pages of history

Chinese archaeologists continue to amaze the world with their findings. Recently, an ancient city of the Shang Dynasty was discovered in Shaanxi Province, more than 3,000 years old. The excavations revealed not only an entire Bronze Age settlement, but also elite tombs with hundreds of artifacts inside, testifying to the wealth and luxury of the time.

A researcher from the Institute of Archaeology of China, Xu Liangao, shared details of the excavation with China Daily. He noted that at the site of the modern city of Yuilin, archaeologists found “all the basic elements of a central settlement.” Several tombs and large-scale buildings have been found here before, but this time they were able to reveal “the full face of the settlement.”

One of the key factors assisting the archaeologists’ research was the discovery of bronze drinking vessels, painted pottery, jewelry and carved pieces of jade. All were made during the Shang dynasty, which ruled northern China from 1600 BC to 1046 BC. This allows scientists to accurately determine the age of the artifacts found and establish a connection to historical events.

Shaanxi, along with neighboring Henan, is the cradle of ancient Chinese civilization. It was here that the first excavations began, shedding light on the history of ancient dynasties. Excavations in the province began in June 2022, and already now the ancient city of the Shang Dynasty is recognized as the largest in the region. Archaeologists discovered nine aristocratic tombs that testify to the high status and wealth of local leaders.

The center of the Bronze Age city was built of rammed earth, which is an interesting construction technique of the time. Handicraft workshops and pottery kilns have also been found here, indicating the development of various industries. Archaeologists have also discovered bronze horse chariot parts and horse remains, which will be important evidence for the study of the emergence of chariots in China and the development of chariot burial customs.

The excavations have only just begun, however, and archaeologists are determined to continue the research. According to scientists, the ruins of the found city may be the capital of a separate state, which was conquered by the Shang Dynasty. This opens up new possibilities for the study of ancient Chinese history and expands our knowledge of the Shang Dynasty.

Excavations in China continue to yield amazing discoveries and expand our knowledge of ancient history. It demonstrates the richness and cultural heritage of this country. Each new find allows us to better understand our roots and the origins of civilization.

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