What unrequited love is and how it is harmful from the point of view of science

All of us have faced unrequited love at least once in our lives. It is that longing that captures the heart and mind, but finds no response from the object of our feelings. This condition can be extremely painful and even dangerous to our mental and emotional health. Let’s understand what unrequited love is, what mechanisms cause it and what consequences it can have.

1- Unrequited love: definition and causes

Unrequited love is a condition where one party has deep feelings for the other party but does not receive reciprocity. The causes of unrequited love can be various:

– A difference in feelings and emotional readiness. One party may not be ready for a serious relationship or may have strong feelings for someone else.
– Inequality in shared values and interests. If two people don’t find common ground and share common interests, it can lead to unrequited love.
– Fear of rejection. Some people may be afraid to express their feelings, afraid of being rejected, so they prefer to remain in a state of unrequited love.

2. Mechanisms of unrequited love

Unrequited love can be caused by several mechanisms that work at the level of our brain and psyche:

– Attachment. A person can become attached to the object of unrequited love, experiencing a strong desire to be near him or her. This is due to the release of the hormone oxytocin, which is responsible for forming attachment and attraction to the object of our affections.
– Romantic idealization. Often we idealize the object of our unrequited love, see in him only positive qualities, ignoring his shortcomings. This is due to the activation of certain areas of the brain responsible for the perception of the ideal partner.
– The chemistry of love. At the beginning of a relationship, our body releases a large amount of love hormones – dopamine, serotonin and norepinephrine. These hormones produce euphoria and happiness, which can maintain a state of unrequited love.

3. Consequences of unrequited love

Unrequited love can have serious consequences for our mental and emotional health:

– Suffering and depression. Failure to reciprocate feelings can lead to long periods of suffering and depression. This is due to the release of stress hormones and decreased levels of happy hormones.
– Addiction and relapses — Unrequited love can become a habit that is difficult to overcome. We may return to the object of our love again and again, hoping for a change, which can lead to relapses.
– Denial of other possibilities. Being fixated on unrequited love can prevent us from seeing and appreciating other opportunities in life, both personal and professional.

Unrequited love is a complex condition that can have serious consequences for our emotional and mental well-being. It is important to understand its triggers and learn how to cope with it to prevent it from affecting our lives and our happiness.

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