Some saw house of the future visionaries of the last century? Man of the XXI century was to surround humanoid robots, dutifully carrying out commands of their masters. But naive futuristic concept was never implemented. Not looking up from reality and current trends, take a look in the near future – the next 10-20 years. Will it become available “smart” homes, what they will be and whether there is reason to believe that this will affect you personally?
We are not surprised that the usual things that surround us become smarter – turn into a smart device. Our homes and apartments will soon be such devices as large gadgets. That is, if before our homes were some structures, volumes, now it is device that can be controlled by voice, smartphone or terminal. How will it look in practice? It is possible that in ten years, buying or renting an apartment, you will be interested in its operating system. Twenty years ago you could not think that its “axis” will have phones and televisions. Ten years ago, there were no Android. This year it was expected the appearance of the first version of the OS for bikes, and she appeared. Then, as they say, everywhere. Our house is not less than other sophisticated devices require automation and management. But we want not only to manage their homes. Want to understand us without words. The house should remember our habits and preferences and create for us a comfortable environment without further ADO.
Someone may wonder: why all these miracles of technics in the house? After all, now anyone can automate their homes, and order a system of “smart house”. That’s just life does not stand still. The energy will not get cheaper, the price of electricity, water and heating will rise, and “smart” home will help to save. Our demands for comfort are growing, and the home gadget will make our existence more comfortable. We all more than appreciate every minute of his life – and the hot tub, carefully recruited to our return home is priceless. Amid all this mass production and the success of electronics make the elements of “smart home” are cheaper and therefore more affordable for the mass consumer.
… filled with gadgets
The space of our homes the next decade will be filled with smart irons, coffee machines, refrigerators and other devices able to access the Internet, share information with their peers, and enable you to control a remote voice, gestures, commands. Not far off, and the self-diagnosis function, when, for example, ceased to operate the refrigerator will be able to determine the cause of failure and report this to service center. The Internet of things is already becoming a reality. And one of the driving forces of this trend is the world’s leading manufacturer of processors company Intel. At CES 2017, the company introduced something new in this field.
Modular computing platform Compute Card has a size comparable with a credit card, – 95х55х5 mm. But this device is actually a full system unit and can become the “brain” of any “smart” device. It’s all there: processor, RAM and permanent memory, wireless interfaces, a set of different connectors. Although the device is often compared with a Bank card, it is still more like a battery for a smartphone. The principle of substitution is similar. As soon as the battery goes down and ceases to hold a charge, you change to the new. As soon as a Compute Card morally or physically obsolete, you get it from the device and “charge” to your “smart” gadget is a new version of the device. In fact, the new brain for your smart TV, refrigerator, climate system, server, smart home and much more. Just imagine: your refrigerator itself evaluates the contents of their shelves and the shelf life of products and if you need to restock products, he makes an order in the online store. But let’s say he still can’t talk, and all your friends already have refrigerators with voice control. Now you don’t need to buy a new refrigerator. Just change him “smart” stuffing. To do this now will be as easy as to replace the battery of the phone. Leading market players of the IOT devices already lined up for the new platform.
In the future you “will always be home.” The front door will get a video camera in the door peephole, a microphone and a speaker. On the smartphone screen you will see everyone who calls at the door of your house when you are not there. The courier arrived with a parcel, and you left her for five minutes for bread? Tell him I’m coming.
The current changes can not touch the furniture. For example, “smart” double bed Sleep Number 360. Externally, this piece of furniture is no different from their peers. But this is only at first glance, as “smart” filling hidden inside. The furniture of the future, and should not surprise by design high-tech. No buttons, neon and chrome. You just should be comfortable, very comfortable. In the case of Sleep Number 360 is really the bed individually adjusts the stiffness of the mattress will warm the footwell and Wake at a specified time. In addition, on conviction the developers, the bed will be able to get rid of snoring. As soon as you hear a distinctive sound, the head of one of the halves of the mattress must be raised at 7° to the head snoring made the right breathing position. The bed is stuffed with all kinds of sensors and sensors that collect information about sleep. If you can’t stand up in the morning to work, the “smart” bed, analyzing your sleep schedule and Wake, can Wake you up in the moment when you will sleep. This device is scheduled for the first half of this year.
If today’s “smart” house – expensive, but convenient toy that requires a significant expenditure, tomorrow is already available the need. There is no reason to believe that the utility costs in the next 10-20 years will decrease. It means economical use of energy resources will be the responsibility of everyone. Space heating is a significant item of expenditure during the heating season. But if you are not home, whether to warm an empty room? Configuring the mode of operation of heating appliances, it will be possible to maintain a comfortable temperature only when in the house someone is. Or to entrust the house to determine your presence using motion sensors. The same applies to rooms. Not all of them need to keep warm during the day. Like all systems, the heating can be controlled from your smartphone. Decided to go back to work early and don’t want to enter has not yet heated home? Take your smart phone and make changes to the heat curve. No matter how far you go from home, to manage it systems via the Internet.
However, if you wish to save money on heating, there is a more radical method, which will certainly find its fans. Why bother to heat the room, if it is possible to heat only the one who is in it? The device of the local heating developed by scientists of the Massachusetts technological University (MIT), as well as for those who want to save in earnest. Infrared heat beam will heat only you. The motion sensors “smart” home will tell you in what direction to channel it.
Probably the next 10-20 years will make the switches the old-fashioned interior detail. Very Thrifty citizens will not have to walk more for their household and to turn off the light in the room. It won’t even have to include. Motion sensor turn on the lighting in the room as soon as you will enter into it, and will shut down as soon as will be released. The house will know each of their residents and to consider their preferences. In the evening you love wide open the curtains and did not turn on the light? As soon as you enter, the house will do so.
There is reason to think, because the power consumption of systems of “smart” home can also be costly. All these sensors, sensors, cameras, actuators, and other devices will require a power supply. And the house is full of stuffed. But even this is not important. The more sensors, the more difficult the installation. But to them it is also necessary to carry out the transaction and it will significantly increase the cost of the installation of “smart” home. Either you have to constantly change the batteries in all these sensors, and this extra care. Recently we talked about the 10 technologies that will change our lives in the near future. Actuality one of them is easily illustrated by the theme of smart homes. A little more – and a large number of devices would get energy “from the air”. This, of course, is not that all these sensors will operate using atmospheric air. The space surrounding us is full of electromagnetic waves, including radio. Just as we use sunlight to generate electricity, and radio waves can be used to generate electricity to power low powered devices. The technology is called Freevolt. Any low-power device can be recharged deliberately using a Wi-Fi router. Developed by scientists from the University of Washington, the technology is called Power over Wi-Fi.
The power consumption of key components of “smart home” will decrease. The ability to use for their food energy “out of thin air” will allow to save on installation and maintenance. Overall, it helps you to make smart homes affordable for a large section of the population and turn it into a mass product in the next ten to twenty years.
That’s all in the head?
The house usually always have some the most important subject of electronics or household appliances, which occupies the Central place. TV, gathers the whole family computer or even a refrigerator. Probably in the next decade a Central place in our homes takes voice assistants Amazon Echo and Google Home. Especially after Amazon decided to make available for other software as the basis of its speaking speakers Echo. Exhibition consumer Electronics Show 2017 (CES) only confirms the emerging trends in the field of Internet of things and smart homes. The current CES pleased with the variety of devices based on Amazon’s Alexa. For example, a “smart” assistant to the Lenovo Smart Assistant. The gadget will recognize the voice at a distance of 5 meters, has eight microphones and a noise reduction system. The device will tell you about the weather outside, you may find information on the Internet and play music according to your desire. And, of course, it is able to be integrated in smart homes. For music lovers, it is specially provided version of the gadget with acoustics from Harman Kardon.
Alexa voice assistant can now manage many things – from smart locks to refrigerators, not to mention that allows you to order groceries online and remotely start the car engine. It is likely that in the next decade he would appear in many homes. However, for those who are willing to spend a tidy sum, there are other proposals. For example, reminiscent of a roly-poly robot assistant Yumi. In contrast to the “smart” column, standing in one place and connected to household power, the robot is Autonomous and able to move you, waiting on orders. The owner of the pretty face and smile detection, reproduces the logo of Amazon, the robot is actually more advanced analog speakers Amazon Echo.
If you still think that “smart” house – a fun toy for geeks and unnecessary overkill, think about people with disabilities. Smart home, filled with their “senses” and everyday life, can significantly change the lives of people in various circumstances are deprived of many opportunities.
Well, what next?
Beyond the horizon 2027-2037. also you can try to look. What is it? The sofa on which at night you can sleep at home, and in the morning to go to the bakery? Probably, and argue the designers of the South Korean manufacturer Hyundai. At CES 2017, the company introduced his concept of “smart home”. According to their idea, the home of the future is equipped with a special slot for the car. The vehicle does not need to put in the garage. When not in use for its intended purpose, the car becomes part of the infrastructure and the living space of your home. From the car to power the electrical system of the house, and the interior becomes a cozy niche where you can stay for the night or to sit with friends. Multimedia complex will be useful for home entertainment, and climate control will be able to maintain a comfortable temperature in the room. This car acting as a part of the living space, and as a vehicle that blurs the line between street and house. Maybe this is the idea of the future dwellings for the second half of this century?
Experts within five years, predicts market growth of automation systems household up to $ 78 billion. The annual growth of the industry will amount to almost 13%. The current trend will affect us. It’s time to think about what would you automate in your house in the first place.