Garbage in the Earth’s orbit began to accumulate since the launch of the very first artificial satellites. Today around our planet is already spinning no less than 13 thousand objects, which can be attributed to the category of space junk. The fragments of missiles, remnants of satellites, spent steps – if all this continues to accumulate at the same pace, it will be very difficult for mankind to leave the Earth.
Engineers and scientists around the world are struggling to solve this problem. The British are going to launch a garbage collector into orbit, scientists from Ukraine and Scotland are developing a “wasteless missile”. Russia is going to join the search for a solution to this problem: at the Council of the Russian Academy of Sciences on Space there will be a structure dealing with issues of near-Earth space purity.
In 2019, scientists plan to gather in Russia a conference on space debris. The main one is the inability to effectively utilize debris at an altitude of more than 600 km above the Earth. Therefore, Russian scientists propose to adhere to the principle “Purely not where they clean, but where they do not litter.”
“It is best […] to implement the recommendations on how to reduce the amount of garbage. The launching of rockets and the launching of satellites into orbit will not cease, and they will always be accompanied by similar problems, “says Boris Shustov, director of the Institute of Astronomy of the Russian Academy of Sciences. It was Shustov who was appointed head of the new structural unit of the Academy of Sciences.
It should be noted that Russia strictly and consistently fulfills the recommendations set up by the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space under the UN. So far, the requirements of the committee are recommendatory in nature, but in the near future must become mandatory for all space powers.