The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in the summer of next year intends to launch a special probe for the study of the Sun. The automatic station Parker Solar Probe is estimated to pass about 6.4 million km from the surface of the star, that is approximately seven times closer than the Helios 2, approaching the Sun in 1972 at a distance of 43.2 million km. The station will be closer to the Sun than Mercury – the nearest planet of the solar system.
“The data collected during this flight will provide a truly revolutionary change in our understanding of the Sun.” The automatic station will pass through the atmosphere of the Sun and come closer to its surface than any other device, providing mankind with the opportunity to observe for the Sun from the closest distance. ”
As reported by the newspaper The New York Times on Tuesday, from the withering heat of the solar corona – about 1300 degrees Celsius – the station will be protected by a special composite coating thickness of 11.43 cm. Such protection will ensure the normal functioning of equipment designed to study the solar corona and solar wind – the flux of charged particles emitted by the Sun, and also to study magnetic fields, plasma, and charged particles. Observations of the automatic station will make it possible to more accurately predict “space weather” in the vicinity of the Earth.