Influence of the mysterious Planet X on the formation of the Earth and other planets of the Solar System

In the article the author presents a hypothesis about the mysterious Planet X, which appeared in the solar system after its capture by the Sun. A brief description of the processes that influenced the formation of the planets of the solar system, including the Sun and the Earth, the formation of the Moon, continents and water on the Earth, the consequences of the fall of large meteorites, asteroids and comets. As an example, a description of the explosion of the Tunguska meteorite and its impact on the environment is given. The conclusion is made about the existence of Planet X and the need to identify it as soon as possible in order to avoid serious catastrophic consequences for mankind, in the case of occurrence near the Earth.

At the present time, a considerable amount of scientific information has been accumulated that the present shape of our planet was formed not only due to evolutionary processes, but also due to the powerful catastrophes and natural disasters that have repeatedly occurred in the geological history of the Earth. For example, during the last 250 million years, these processes were accompanied by sharp climate changes, glaciation, ocean level fluctuations, increased volcanism accompanied by a decrease in the concentration of oxygen in the air and oceans, which caused the massive extinction and death of numerous representatives of the animal and plant world on the planet. According to paleontologists involved in these studies, such natural disasters were observed in the interval of 26 million years [1], but it was extremely difficult to name the unambiguous reason that determined their origin.

In 1980, an American scientist L. Alveres and his colleagues, studying rocks in the Gubbio (Italy) mountains, whose age was about 65 million years, discovered in them an increased content of iridium – a “meteorite” metal, exceeding by 25 times the corresponding figures in Selected samples from older and younger breeds. Comparing the data obtained with the time of extinction of dinosaurs, scientists concluded that the reason for the death of dinosaurs 65 million years ago was the fall of a large meteorite that led to global climate change on Earth, which was discovered near the Mexican village of Chicksulub (Yucatan peninsula) in the early 1990s -ies.

Based on this data, the scientists hypothesized that global climate changes and mass extinctions of animals on Earth were directly related to the activity of falls of large space bodies – meteorites, asteroids, comets, which occurred periodically at intervals of every 27-28 million years, leaving after themselves on the surface of the Earth large craters. To test the periodic fall of space bodies on the Earth, a group of astronomers and geologists (M. Rampino, R. Stosier and R. Maller) conducted a study on the age of formation of large impact craters of more than 10 kilometers on the Earth’s surface, with their age being determined Geological methods with an accuracy of ┬▒ 20 million years [1]. As a result, they identified and studied only 13 craters with an age from 5 to 250 million years, the fall of which occurred not uniformly, but in the form of certain periodic meteoritic flows, with intervals between them of 28.4 million years. Analyzing the data obtained, the scientists managed to establish a cyclical relationship between the catastrophes in the terrestrial biosphere and the periods of crater formation on our planet, which was caused by the fall of large space bodies recurring every 27-28 million years. However, to the most probable reasons that cause this interconnection, as many researchers believe, it is necessary to attribute other extraterrestrial circumstances.

Most of the asteroids and meteorites in the solar system are in the main asteroid belt located between Mars and Jupiter, comets in the Kuiper belt and the Oort cloud. Sometimes they break from their orbits and head toward the Sun, falling on the planets of the solar system and their satellites, including the Earth, forming on their surfaces a variety of craters. As noted above, large meteorites, asteroids and comets are periodically grouped into so-called streams, which are falling on the planets of the solar system, causing climatic cataclysms. To date, scientists have put forward two mechanisms explaining the effect of these periodic streams of cosmic bodies acting for many millions of years. So some believe that these streams of cosmic bodies can be outraged by Planet X, which revolves around the Sun in a highly elongated, inclined orbit and about once in 28 million years, off balance the cosmic bodies of the asteroid belts between the planets Mars and Jupiter, Kuiper and Oort clouds. Others – the nature of the motion of the solar system in the plane of the Galaxy.

Astronomers from the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena (USA) Konstantin Batygin and Michael Brown in the magazine “The Astronomical Journal” of January 20, 2016, first described the most suitable hypothesis about the possible existence of the ninth Planet X in the Solar System. Unlike previous hypotheses, it allows to explain the results of mathematical modeling of the peculiarities of the motion of Planet X and some of the most remote objects in the Kuiper belt. After the publication of K. Batygin and M. Brown, the scientists found additional evidence of its existence and clarified some of its characteristics. Most researchers believe that Planet X was formed about 4.5 billion years ago and was captured by the Sun from another nearby star, during the formation of the solar system. According to the calculations of scientists, it rotates around the Sun along a strongly elongated orbit in the opposite direction with a period of 15-20 thousand years, with a mass 10 times heavier than the Earth and a diameter 2-4 times larger, which subsequently displaces its orbit.

The plane of rotation of Planet X does not coincide with the plane of rotation of the Earth and other planets, but lies at an angle of about 30 degrees to it. Still passing through the asteroid belts between the planets Mars and Jupiter, as well as the Kuiper and Oort clouds, it apparently captured numerous cosmic bodies (meteorites, asteroids, comets), which then along the way of its movement were grouped into streams falling on the planets of the solar system and influencing their further formation. In addition, according to the findings of scientists presented at a press conference of the American Astronomical Society, Planet X led to the inclination of the axis of rotation of the sun by six degrees [3], as well as to periodic perturbations of the orbits and planets of the solar system, influence on their gravitational and magnetic fields, the emergence of a variety of natural disasters. While astronomers can not specify the exact location of Planet X, so all the forces they send to her search [4].

However, astronomers Esther Linder and Christoph Mordasini of the University of Bern in Switzerland modeled the evolution of the existence of a possible Planet X and described its alleged internal structure [5]. Based on the data they received, they came to the conclusion that the radius of Planet X is 3.7 times that of the Earth. Its atmosphere consists of hydrogen and helium, with a temperature of minus 226 degrees Celsius. Under the gas shell is a layer of water ice with a temperature of minus 63 degrees Celsius, which lies on a thin layer of silicate mantle, under which lies an iron core with a temperature of up to 3,400 degrees Celsius. In their opinion, Planet X emits about a thousand times more energy than it absorbs, which leads to its constant cooling and replenishment of the ice layer of ice.

The urgency of this topic is due to the need to have today a unified working hypothesis about the possible existence of Planet X in the solar system, with which many scientists associate partial destruction of the planetary system, the emergence of cataclysms and disasters on Earth, the formation of the moon, the fall of large meteorites, asteroids and comets.

The purpose of this article is the hypothesis proposed by me, formed on the basis of the analysis of the above scientific information, about the appearance in the Solar System about 4.5 billion years ago of a large space object called Planet X or Nibir [2], which later influenced the formation of its system and planets, including the Earth. The results of these analytical conclusions are set out below.

The scientific novelty of this article is contained in the assumption that after the Sun’s capture of Planet X and after the formation of the orbit, events in the solar system, especially on planet Earth, developed according to the following scenario. Initially, Planet X began its movement through the Solar System towards the Sun along a still unformed orbit against the rotation of its planets, which at that time were at the stage of formation. One of the first planets on its route was the planet Phaethon (Asteron), located between the orbits of Jupiter and Mars. As the American astronomer Thomas Van Flandern believed, she had a thick ice crust, similar to Planet X. At that time, obviously, her core and bark had already been formed and were in a solid state. In addition, they were still saturated with carbon, silicon, sulfur, nitrogen, iron and other siderophilic heavy chemical elements, such as platinum, palladium, cobalt, nickel, molybdenum, gold, iridium, osmium. In a collision with Planet X, which by mass significantly exceeded it, this planet was destroyed by various shards of mostly irregular shapes and all kinds of dimensions, called asteroids and meteorites, as well as ice fragments. Subsequently, asteroids and meteorites, with the gravitational action of Jupiter, formed their orbits and concentrated in a narrow space, forming the so-called Main Belt of asteroids and meteorites. The ice fragments from the ice crust, according to Thomas Van Flandern, were thrown out of the planetary system, where the Oort cloud was formed, which later served as a source of long-period comets. However, after the collision of the planets, a significant part of the asteroids and meteorites containing carbon, silicon, sulfur, nitrogen, iron and other siderophile elements, along with the ice fragments, were captured by Planet X and continued to move toward the Sun in the form of a powerful swarm stream.

The next planet on its way was the Earth, whose age at that time was about 150 million years. At this stage, it completed its formation, and its substance began to be partially divided into two main geospheres: the core and the mantle. However, in general, they were then a homogeneous liquid mass in which the central part was saturated with iron and associated heavy chemical elements, and the upper part with light substances and slags, forming a frozen shell, which later on cooled to a bark. Since the main mass of the Earth was in a liquid state, its formed primary crust at first had a small thickness and was very unstable, which periodically led to the formation of a variety of cracks along which volcanoes developed that spilled a large amount of basaltic lava, and also a liquid silicate matter from the upper mantle. As a result of the activity of numerous volcanoes and fissures, the frozen shell of the primary crust began to increase in thickness and split into a light granite and heavier basaltic layer. The granite layer consisted of solid, unformed rocks represented by granite mixtures and gneisses, with increased contents of silica and light elements. The basalt layer consisted of heavier and denser formations, which in their properties were close to basaltic rocks lying on the semi-liquid upper part of the mantle. In the regions of the poles, their thickness was thick, and in the region of the equator it was smaller, which gave the Earth a flattened spherical shape along the axis of rotation.

The collision of Planet X with the Earth occurred not in the center, but at an angle along the tangent along the flattened surface of the Earth from the equator towards the north pole, near the northern part of the modern Pacific Ocean. In general, this process can be described as follows:
– as already noted, the Earth at that time was at the stage of formation and resembled a chicken egg cooked soft-boiled. In the angular tangential collision, the velocity of Planet X was small. As a result of a sliding impact, fragments of the destroyed solid granite-basalt shell of the upper mantle, together with the mantle material and the outer

Fig.1 Collision on the tangent of Planet X with the Earth and the formation of the Moon.

Parts of the red-hot yet unformed nucleus, which were in the molten state, were ejected and spilled into a near-earth orbit. From these fragments and semi-liquid molten mantle and upper nuclear matter, as well as asteroids and meteorites that accompanied Planet X, a strongly rotating cloud formed, which began its motion around the Earth along an ellipse (Fig. 1). Ultimately, under the influence of the gravitational field and the long-term chemical processes, high temperature and high pressure, a moon with a crust, a mantle and a small nucleus rich in iron was formed from the substance of this cloud, the basis for which was the ejected semiliquid molten substance of the mantle and the outer part of the core Of the Earth. According to the results of the study of lunar rock samples, the scientists established that the isotopic composition of the rocks of the Moon is very close to terrestrial. However, in them there are small differences caused by the evident participation of rocks of asteroids and meteorites saturated with heavy elements, which confirms the theory of the formation of the Moon in a collision with Planet X [6,7].
– at the beginning of its formation, the surface of the Earth was one unit and resembled the surface of the modern moon. The planet itself rotated uniformly around its axis and orbit until it collided with Planet X, as a result of which the Earth lost part of its solid granite-basalt shell and semi-liquid mantle, and a large depression arose at the site of the impact. As a result of this imbalance, the axis of Earth’s rotation received considerable inclination and rotation in the form of a top, whose rotation cycle subsequently occurred approximately every 25-26 thousand years, which led to periodic climatic cataclysms on the planet. These actions led to a sharp increase in the rotation of the planet around its axis and a violation of the balance of the remaining solid granite-basalt shell, the formation of numerous spiral and feathering cracks, especially in the region of the poles, where its thickness was much larger than at the equator. Subsequently, these cracks degenerated into zones of long-lived deep faults along which periodic plate movements occurred, the development of volcanism, the formation of mountain massifs and deflections, and the introduction of complex differentiated intrusions, mantle ascending hydrothermal solutions and deep gases from the mantle, which led to the formation of a variety of ore and non-metallic deposits of minerals, coal, oil and gas.

– after the collision of Planet X with the Earth, as noted above, a significant part of the solid granite-basalt shell was ejected into a near-earth orbit, and the remaining part, due to the formation of a depression, disruption of the integrity of the surface and equilibrium, split into various plates. Since at that time, the Earth’s mantle was in a semi-liquid state, the split plates began to migrate along the free surface of the planet, forming continents that sometimes clustered to form supercontinents. For hundreds of millions of years they have constantly changed, formed and disintegrated, depending on the state of equilibrium of the Earth. These changes are explained by the fact that the orbits of the Earth and Planet X coincided at some stages and the planets passed at a close distance from each other. Since Planet X had a radius 3.7 times larger than the Earth and consisted mainly of a formed iron core, passing at a close distance from the Earth, it affected the Earth’s gravitational and magnetic fields, disrupting its rotation and the balance of the axis of rotation. In addition, during its movement, Planet X was accompanied by streams of asteroids, meteorites and comets captured during the passage of the Main Belt of asteroids and meteorites, the Kuiper belt and the Oort cloud, which with their impacts also destroyed the surface of the Earth. All these processes led to the disintegration of previously formed continents, new drift of plates, the formation of new continents and the emergence of a variety of natural disasters on the planet. As a result, these drifts of plates and continents led to their uniform distribution on the surface of the planet, the formation of mountain ranges, balancing the axis of rotation of the Earth and the cessation of natural disasters, until the next coincidence of orbits. In general, it resembled the surface of the river in the spring, when the ice is cracking on it and moving under the influence of currents, joining each other and creeping into each other, forming in places massive accumulations of ice slabs.
– according to the data obtained by astronomers Esther Linder and Christophe Mordasini [5], Planet X still had a layer of water ice. According to my assumptions, on the border with the layer of silicate mantle in the cracks and voids, obviously, there were still large accumulations of salt deposits that formed during the period of its formation. During the collision of Planet X with the Phaeton planet, this layer of water ice was partially destroyed and numerous cracks appeared. When colliding with the Earth, most of it broke up into pieces and, together with the salt deposits, remained in the formed depression, later called the Pacific Ocean. Later, in the process of increasing the temperature of the upper part of the mantle and volcanic activity, these ice fragments melt, incidentally dissolving salts and eventually forming salt water that filled the depressions between the plates and continents, forming the World Ocean later. Still the formation of water and salts on Earth was due to the increased activity of volcanoes, erupting at that time a large amount of magma, which were accompanied by large gas emissions, containing up to 75% of water vapor and 15% of carbon dioxide. Also, a large amount of water vapor was released even as the ice debris, dropped by Planet X, collided with the Earth, which were in the hollow on the half-melted upper mantle. Vulcanized gases and water vapor, led to the formation of a primary atmosphere on Earth, enriched with various acids, then falling on its surface in the form of acid rain. Acid rain, falling on the crystalline rocks of already formed continents, destroyed them, entering with them into chemical compounds and forming saline water, which replenished the surrounding saline water bodies of the World Ocean. These climatic processes led to periodic flooding and erosion of the continents, forming subsequently sedimentary rocks lying in depressions and depressions.

– the reheating of the Earth’s mantle, caused by the increase in rotation after the collision with Planet X, affected not only its increased volcanic and magmatic activity, the formation of the primary atmosphere and the hydrosphere, but also the formation of its internal structure. It was at this time that the final process of the stratification of the Earth began on the main shells – the core, the mantle and the bark. Prior to the collision with Planet X, the Earth’s core was in a liquid state and had a large radius with a smooth transition to the mantle material, making up its homogeneous mass. After the collision, as already noted, the Earth received a sharp increase in rotation, which led to its heating, compression and gravitational differentiation, which caused the separation of the primary-homogeneous liquid mass into a heavy core where iron and other heavy elements accumulated, and a lighter silicate mantle, substance which was in a solid crystalline state, called the lithosphere. Later, under the influence of gravitational forces, high temperatures and pressures, the substance of the mantle was divided into two parts – the lower and upper parts. The substance of the lower part of the mantle, due to its proximity to the core, had a high density, hardness, saturation with magnesium, iron, silicon and other heavy elements, close in geochemical properties to the iron – platinum, palladium, cobalt, nickel, molybdenum, gold, iridium, osmium. The substance of the upper part of the mantle had a lower density and in places was in a semi-melted form, forming peculiar plastic layers [8]. A significant number of them were located in the shell of the underlying lithosphere, called the asthenosphere. The formation of these layers was apparently due to thermal convection, when the warmed-up hot substances of the lower mantle, enriched by siderophilic geochemical elements under the influence of high pressures and temperatures, were pressed into the upper layers of the mantle as solutions. Due to repeated fluctuations in pressures, temperatures and gravitational forces that led to the cooling and heating of the upper part of the mantle, linear hollows and cracks began to form below the secondary solid mantle crust, which was an integral part of the lithosphere. The hard shell of the lower part of the lithosphere did not allow incoming hot solutions to penetrate to the surface of the Earth, so they filled the emerging linear voids and cracks, melting the surrounding rocks, forming semi-liquid preheated layers and foci of molten magma with different mantle matter composing the asthenosphere. Then, under the influence of the Earth’s gravitational field and radioactive heating, the semi-liquid heated layers of the asthenosphere began to separate in chemical composition, aggregate state and physical properties into ultrabasic, basic, medium and acidic substances. Most of them consisted of ultrabasic and basic substances enriched with iron, magnesium, platinum, palladium, cobalt, nickel, molybdenum, gold and other heavy chemical elements. The layers consisting of acidic substances had a small distribution and were located in the upper parts of the asthenosphere and were saturated with silicon, aluminum and other lighter chemical elements. Subsequently, as a result of the tectonic, magmatic and metamorphic processes that appeared in the earth’s crust, these heated substances periodically penetrated into it, forming at the depth of various intrusive massifs, or poured out onto the earth’s surface, forming effusive frozen lavas. Later, these formations underwent processes of crystallization differentiation, segregation and hybridism, with the formation, respectively, of ultrabasic, basic, medium and acidic rocks, as well as various minerals. In the asthenosphere, which at the beginning of its formation has a low hardness and a lower viscosity, under the action of the Earth’s deep forces, which generate various tectonic processes in the earth’s crust in the form of stretches, compressions, shifts and zones of increased fracturing, horizontal displacements of plates occurred, Planet X, leading to the formation of continents.

– During the formation of the mantle and nucleus, as well as the modern crust, the flow of meteorites, asteroids and comets, captured by Planet X in the process of its movement, played an important role, the intensity of which manifested itself every 15-20 thousand years, associated with the period of its rotation around the Sun. They were saturated with carbon, silicon, sulfur, nitrogen, iron and other siderophilic heavy chemical elements, which when encrusted on the crust and the upper semi-liquid part of the Earth’s mantle-the asthenosphere-enriched them. The fall of such bodies caused the formation of huge shock craters on the earth’s surface, under which, to a depth of 1-2 thousand kilometers, regions of elevated temperature and internal processes in the upper mantle were created, resulting in a variety of natural disasters, earthquakes, increased volcanism, movement of continents and individual blocks the earth’s crust, and mountain building. Some clusters and lonely bodies of meteorites, asteroids and comets were separated from the common streams, forming their own independent orbits, whose motions partially coincided with the orbit of Planet X. However, the greatest danger for the planet Earth was represented by large asteroids and comets, the fall of which caused a variety of catastrophes and natural disasters , up to extinction of animals, as it was with dinosaurs.
– one example is the fall of the cosmic body in the summer of 1908, which was called the Tunguska meteorite and caused the most powerful explosion in the world. The clue to the fall of this cosmic body has been studied and studied by numerous scientists and researchers from several countries around the world. They put forward many hypotheses with attempts to explain the nature and cause of this mysterious event. After reviewing published materials on scientific research, I tend to think that the main reason for this catastrophe is comet and geotectonic versions, which I want to briefly discuss. As noted above, most of the comets are in the Oort cloud, which was supposedly formed after the collision of Planet X with the Phaeton planet. At that time, obviously, its core and bark were already in the formed solid state, and the surface was covered with a thick ice shell. During the formation of the core and crust, the planet Phaethon as well as the Earth was subjected to various gravitational, tectonic and other processes, leading to the formation of cracks in the solid crust and ice shell. Then, these cracks served as conduits for the gases emitted from the depths, represented mainly by methane, which came in preheated form. Since the top of the bark was covered by an ice shell, these gas discharges began to accumulate in the cracks of the lower part of the shell, heating it, forming original hollows-geodes, in which their accumulation took place. In a collision with Planet X, the ice shell was destroyed by ice blocks and debris, most of which formed the Oort cloud, and the rest, together with formed meteorites and asteroids, continued their movement with it. Subsequently, the joint movement, large ice blocks separated and continued their movement independently in the form of comets with streams of small meteorites, forming their orbits. One with such comets in 1908, an integral part of which was ice with a large empty geode filled with frozen methane gas, flying at a close distance from the Earth along a very shallow trajectory and getting into its atmosphere, began to collapse rapidly from overheating. As a result, there was a release of gas, which ignited from the incandescent meteorite pieces that accompanied the comet and provoked a powerful explosion at an altitude of about 5 km from the earth’s surface. The area over which the explosion occurred belongs to the Leno-Tunguska oil and gas province, where to date, dozens of large oil and gas deposits have been identified. The productive oil and gas bearing horizons are found among the strata of the Riphean, Vendian and Cambrian sedimentary deposits at depths of 1.5-3.5 km.

Within these types of oil and gas occurrences, very often formation and accumulation of free methane gas occurs, which uniformly fills porous and fractured rocks over oil strata, creating reservoir gas deposits or peculiar gas caps. In addition, this area is characterized by considerable swampiness, where large clumps of bog methane gas can also form. Approximately ten days before the Tunguska event, a small earthquake occurred in this area [9]. As a result of this earthquake, a partial disturbance of the oil and gas bearing strata may have occurred, with the formation of numerous cracks along which redistribution of free gas and its accumulation in the near-surface horizons took place. Due to the Tunguska explosion, a large amount of energy was released, comparable to the energy of a nuclear explosion, which caused powerful shock air and seismic waves. These waves produced on the surface of the taiga a large slope of the forest within a radius of 30 km, the vibration of near-surface sedimentary seams, detonation of oil and gas bearing horizons and the emergence of new local zones of increased fracturing. These processes violated the stability of accumulations of free methane gas in the upper layers of sedimentary rocks, which provoked its ejection over newly formed cracks on the earth’s surface, the formation of air rattling mixtures, ignition with large flares and a series of powerful explosions that left small funnels on the surface. As a result of the explosion of the Tunguska meteorite and the subsequent explosions of methane gases ejected from near-surface sediments, a local earthquake was formed that reached Europe and was recorded by a number of seismic stations. As a result, based on the Tunguska event, it can be concluded that collisions with large meteorites, asteroids and comets are certainly one of the greatest disasters for the planet Earth, which periodically exerted global effects on its biosphere and structure.

After a collision with the Earth and having lost a significant part of its ice shell, Planet X rushed further towards the Sun. It so happened that Mercury was the next planet on her journey. At that time its formation was already completed, and it made its movement around the Sun in a round orbit at a low speed, was more massive than modern Mercury, possessed a large iron core, a small mantle and a powerful hard bark. Around Planet X, colliding with Mercury in a tangent from the Sun (Fig.2), destroyed a significant part of its upper mantle and solid crust, throwing the formed fragments into the surrounding space, which then continued in the form of a meteorite swarm, following Planet X, forming subsequently independent orbits.

Fig.2 Collision on the tangent of Planet X with Mercury.

Mercury, which lost a significant part of its solid crust and upper mantle, under the influence of gravity of the Sun, continued its movement with a slow rotation around its axis, but already in a new orbit in the form of an ellipsoid, which received periodic periodic orbital displacements. Planet X in the collision with Mercury, which resembled the impact of two billiard balls, lost the remaining part of its ice shell after the collision with the Earth, which led to a decrease in its mass and a change of direction towards the Sun. As a result, approaching the Sun, she got into her gravitational field and was captured by him. Subsequent movement, Planet X continued around the Sun clockwise, unlike all other objects of the solar system, forming an independent highly elongated and inclined orbit at an angle of 35-45 degrees, with a rotation period of 15-20 thousand years. Even in the formation of its orbit, a large impact caused the deprivation of a significant part of the ice shell destroyed in the process of collision with the planets Phaeton, Earth and Mercury, which allowed Planet X to move at the first orbit and at higher speed from the Sun. Later, having already formed a heated iron core, lying under a thin silicate mantle, with a hydrogen-helium atmosphere and periodically being most of the time in the outermost part of the orbit at a distance of more than 1000 astronomical units from the Sun – aphelion, Planet X over the past billions of years, apparently, managed to restore its ice shell, to acquire the original form and orbital motion. This is confirmed by the studies of astronomers Esther Linder and Christophe Mordasini from the University of Berne (Switzerland), engaged in modeling and describing its existence [5].
Subsequently, orbiting its orbit, Planet X has been approaching the planets of the solar system for millions of years, which disrupted the rotation of these planets, orbiting, giving rise to a variety of catastrophes and natural disasters on them. Thus, according to scientists, the planets Venus and Mars were inhabited about 300-400 million years ago [10]. On these planets, in those days flowed full-flowing rivers, there were lakes and seas, life flourished.

Fig.3 Collision of the tangent of Planet X with Venus and subsequent gravitational effects on Earth and Mars.

Venus is about 300 million years ago, survived a similar catastrophe, which comprehended the planet Earth and Mercury, having one source and character. In all likelihood, Planet X moving in its orbit collided tangentially with the planet Venus, which resembled a collision with the planet Earth about 4.5 billion years ago without causing any destruction. Prior to this catastrophe, Venus was already formed and rotated around its axis, as well as most of the planets of the Solar System, counter-clockwise. After a tangent collision with Planet X, Venus acquired a reverse rotation clockwise (Fig. 3), which led to a strong warming of its mantle, an increase in volcanic activity and surface temperature, evaporation of water with the appearance of water vapor and gases concentrating at heights of 50-70 km, the destruction of living organisms and vegetation [11].

Full and living Mars, also after a global catastrophe that occurred about 300 million years ago, caused by an apparently powerful gravitational effect from a planet at close range Planet X, was subjected to destruction and transformation into a deserted “red planet” [12].

The planet Uranus also underwent the same collision with Planet X as Venus and Earth had, since the axis of rotation is the same today as for Venus – counter-clockwise. Obviously, the orbits of the planets of Uranus and Planet X for some time combined, which led to their temporary docking in the form of a light gliding blow. Since the bulk of Uranus consisted of ice and a stone core, it allowed Planet X, which has a large iron core, to affect the axis of its rotation in the course of its movement with a slope of up to 90 degrees, and also to lower the generation of internal thermal energy, but not Destroying it. After this sliding docking, the planets separated after a while and continued their movement in their orbits.

The same powerful and relatively short in duration catastrophe, were noted in the geological history of the Earth. Evidence of these giant cataclysms with the extinction of animals, were noted by geologists in the study of the thickness of sedimentary rocks formed over the past 500 million years [1,13]. They found that 439, 364, 247-251, 199-220 and 64 million years ago on Earth killed about 95% of all animals. They were apparently caused by the passage at a close distance of Planet X, which by its gravitational influence influenced the tranquility of the Earth and caused periodic falls on its surface of meteorites, asteroids and comets captured while passing through the Kuiper belt and the Oort cloud. However, the most massive peaks of animal extinction occurred in the intervals of 27-30 million years and were probably caused by the oscillations of the galactic orbit of the solar system caused by the orbital movements of Planet X.

The planets Jupiter, Saturn, and Neptune, apparently, were less affected by Planet X, since by mass there were much more of it. In their structure, they differ from Planet X and consisted mainly of a gas hydrogen-helium layer passing into a liquid metallic hydrogen layer and a solid rock core with impurities of silicates and metals. Due to the circulation of electric current in the liquid metallic hydrogen layer, strong magnetic fields were created around the planets, forming magnetospheres. As a result, Planet X, consisting of a large iron core, and also possessing a powerful magnetic field, could not join with them during its orbital motion and influence their subsequent formation, since their magnetic fields pushed each other when approaching the planets.

After its formation, the solar system moved around the galactic center evenly in a circular orbit, making a full revolution for approximately 230 million years. Captured by the Sun Planet X, as already noted, its orbital movement around it, began to be carried out at an angle of 35-45 degrees clockwise. Later, this affected not only the motions of planets in the solar system, but also the inclination of the axis of rotation of the Sun and the galactic orbit of the Solar System, causing subsequently its periodic fluctuations arising every 27-30 million years. These oscillations of the galactic orbit of the solar system led also to the fact that the orbit of Planet X every 27-30 million years as a result of these vibrations, crossed the Kuiper belt and the Oort cloud, generating their gravitational perturbations. As a result of these impacts, Planet X pushed out of them a variety of diverse asteroids and comets that along its motion formed independent orbits in the form of solids or streams, subsequently causing collisions with the planets of the solar system that led to their disastrous consequences. It is likely that the comets and asteroids sent by Planet X, as well as the periodic oscillations of the galactic orbit, were also one of the causes of major catastrophes on Earth and other planets of the Solar System, which occurred, as already noted, every 27-30 million years, which were accompanied by mass extinctions of animals, crater formation, planetary and climatic cataclysms. This is confirmed by the calculations carried out by astronomers Michael Brown, Konstantin Batygin and Ren Malhotra, who managed to calculate that Planet X at its appearance tilted the axis of rotation of the Sun to 6 degrees, and also caused the orbits of the planets and the very orbit of the Solar System to swing up and down , just as the untwisted whirlwind [14] does.

The conclusion. The hypothesis stated in the article about the influence of the mysterious Planet X on the formation of the planets of the Solar System and the Earth allows us to arrive at a final conclusion about the possible existence of it in the solar system. The next appearance of it near the Earth may happen in the coming decades, and maybe even in a hundred years, which will have catastrophic consequences for mankind and the planet as a whole. This will be manifested in the form of an increase in seismic and volcanic activity on the Earth, various weather disasters and natural disasters, the fall of meteorites, asteroids and comets, with the extinction of all living things. However, to prove the existence of this cosmic object will be possible only after the discovery and calculation of its exact orbit. Many scientists note that it is not yet possible to detect Planet X with the help of telescopes, and therefore its existence remains at the level of theories and hypotheses. But theoretically we already know where this planet is most likely located. It remains only to find it. Michael Brown noted that they hope to see Planet X in the next 5-15 years. To do this, they began using the most powerful Subaru telescope, located in the Hawaiian Islands and has a high sensitivity, which allows you to take pictures of fairly large areas of the sky. If these studies fail, astronomers hope for a specialized telescope LSST, the construction of which is now in Chile and is scheduled to end in early 2020. However, according to many astronomers, Planet X is very dark and does not reflect sunlight, so it is considered invisible to terrestrial telescopes, which makes it difficult to search and explore.

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