In addition to visible light and heat constantly emitted by our Sun, it also based on flows of x-ray and ultraviolet rays moving toward the Earth.
New satellite CubeSat – a miniature device, which is a low-cost platform for missions with a small budget – is currently in space, observing in the range of the x-ray part of the spectrum, rarely used for observation of space objects.
9 June 2016 companion Miniature X-Ray Solar Spectrometer, or MinXSS, about the size of a loaf of bread, the construction of which was funded by NASA, commenced scientific operations, collecting data in soft x-rays. In the video below, you can see the solar flare of small intensity, occurred on 21 July 2016 images of this flare were obtained with the solar dynamics Observatory of NASA data in the soft x-rays, obtained with the help of satellite MinXSS presented in the chart on the right.
Each type of radiation emitted by the Sun, gives unique information about the physics of solar flares. These data contain information about the temperature, density and quantity of material discharged during a solar flare. Each of these factors is key to determine the parameters of the evolution of flares and the process of heating the Sun’s atmosphere.
Ultimately the radiation emitted during solar flares reaches the upper atmosphere of the Earth: x-rays emitted by the Sun can interfere with GPS system signals, radio signals and signals of other communication types. The class of x-rays observed with the help of the satellite MinXSS, is particularly important, as these rays affect the top layer of the atmosphere known as the ionosphere.